Sher Shah Suri facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSher Shah Suri
Imaginary sketch work of Sher Shah Suri by Afghan artist Abdul Ghafoor Breshna
|Sultan of the Suri Empire|
|Reign||17 May 1538 – 22 May 1545|
|Predecessor||Humayun (as Mughal Emperor)|
|Successor||Islam Shah Suri|
Sasaram, Delhi Sultanate (now in Bihar, India
|Died||22 May 1545 (aged 58–59)
Kalinjar, Sur Empire
|Burial||Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram|
|Issue||Islam Shah Suri (Jalal Khan)
|House||House of Sur|
|Father||Hassan Khan Sur|
Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.
Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. On taking the throne he took the title 'Sher Shah'. His son and followers could not keep long control of the kingdom and in 1555 the Mughal Humayun was reinstated.
Sher Shah Suri defeated the Mughal ruler Humayun twice and captured Delhi. Soon after becoming king Sher Shah Suri raised a large army and captured Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare.
Succesor: Humayun Ruled after Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri was succeeded by Islam Shah. Humayun defeated Islam Shah in 1555, and ended the Sur dynasty.
Images for kids
|Mary the Jewess|