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Bihar
State
Great Buddha Statue, Bodh Gaya.jpg
Rajgir - 028 Bathing Pool at foot of Hill (9245042360).jpg Nalanda University India ruins.jpg
Art of Mithla, Darbhanga, Bihar.jpg
Clockwise from top: Great Buddha Statue at Bodh Gaya, ruins of ancient Nalanda University, Madhubani painting from Mithila region, Brahma Kund hot springs in Rajgir
Official logo of Bihar
Emblem
Location of Bihar in India
Location of Bihar in India
Country India
Formation
  • 22 March 1912
  • (Bihar Diwas)
Statehood 26 January 1950
Area
 • Total 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
Area rank 12th
Population (2011)
 • Total 103,804,637
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 1,102/km2 (2,850/sq mi)
 • Major Ethnolinguistic Groups Bhojpuris, Maithils, Magahis
Demonym(s) Bihari
GDP (2017–18)
 • Total INR4.88 lakh crore (US$83 billion)
 • Per capita INR38860 (US$660)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Additional official Maithilia, Urdub
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
UN/LOCODE INBR
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR
HDI (2017) Increase 0.566 (medium) · 29th
Literacy (2011) 63.82%
Sex ratio (2011) 918 /1000
  • a. Recognized under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India
  • b. In 15 districts

Bihar (/bˈhɑːr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is a state in the Republic of India, covering an area of 38,202 mi² (99,200 km²). It is bigger than Hungary but smaller than South Korea. The capital is Patna. Bihar is bordered by the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south, and West Bengal to the east. To the north of Bihar is the country of Nepal. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the East Indian zone. It is one of the poorest regions in India.

Provincial symbols of Bihar


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