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West Bengal

বঙ্গ প্রদেশ
State of India
Kolkata skyline at night.jpg
Biswa Bangla Gate.jpg
Tea garden in dooars.jpg
Digha Sankarpur 2Arnab.jpg
Royal Bengal Tiger walking down Mangrove Island in Sundarbans 3.jpg
From top: Kolkata skyline from Howrah, Dakshineswar Kali Temple near Kolkata, Kolkata Gate, also known as the Biswa Bangla Gate at New Town, tea garden in the Dooars region, Hazarduari Palace in Murshidabad, sunrise in Digha beach, Bengal tiger in Sundarbans National Park, view of Darjeeling from Happy Valley Tea Estate
Official seal of West Bengal
বাংলা, বঙ্গ
A map showing us where the location of West Bengal is in India
A map showing us where the location of West Bengal is in India
Map of West Bengal
Map of West Bengal
Country  India
Region East India
Established 1 November 1956
 • Total 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)
 • Total 91,347,736
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Official languages Bengali · Nepali · only for Darjeeling district,English
294 elected, 1 nominated

West Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গ প্রদেশ/পশ্চিমবঙ্গ) is a state in India. It is in the eastern part of the country. West Bengal is the fourth most populous state in India. It is also the seventh most populous sub-national entity in the world. West Bengal is the sixth largest contributor to India's GDP.

Both West Bengal and Bangladesh are parts of historical and geographic region of Bengal. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. With an area of 34,267 mi² (88,752 km²), it is bigger than Serbia but smaller than Jordan. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the East Indian zone.

West Bengal has a tropical climate, so it is very hot and humid in summer and cool in winter. The people who live here are called Bengalis. Bengalis also live in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a country to the east of West Bengal


All of India was once ruled by the British Empire. The Indians wanted freedom, but the Hindus and the Muslims of India always argued. So it was decided to divide the country into two parts—one part for Muslims and the other part for Hindus. In 1947 Bengal, which was a province of India, was divided into West Bengal and East Bengal,which is now called Bangladesh. West Bengal went to India, and East Bengal went to Pakistan and was called East Pakistan. In 1971, Bangladesh became independent, as a result of the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Famous people from West Bengal include:

Provincial symbols of Bengal (west)

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Bengala Occidental para niños

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