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Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee Portrait.jpg
13th President of India
In office
25 July 2012 – 25 July 2017
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Narendra Modi
Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Preceded by Pratibha Patil
Succeeded by Ram Nath Kovind
Minister of Finance
In office
24 January 2009 – 24 July 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Manmohan Singh (Acting)
Succeeded by Manmohan Singh (Acting)
In office
5 January 1982 – 31 December 1984
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by R. Venkataraman
Succeeded by V. P. Singh
Minister of Defence
In office
22 May 2004 – 26 October 2006
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by George Fernandes
Succeeded by A. K. Antony
Minister of External Affairs
In office
24 October 2006 – 22 May 2009
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Manmohan Singh (Acting)
Succeeded by S. M. Krishna
In office
10 February 1995 – 16 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Dinesh Singh
Succeeded by Sikander Bakht
Leader of the Lok Sabha
In office
22 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Preceded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded by Sushilkumar Shinde
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
In office
24 June 1991 – 15 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Mohan Dharia
Succeeded by Madhu Dandavate
Leader of the Rajya Sabha
In office
January 1980 – 31 December 1984
Preceded by K. C. Pant
Succeeded by V. P. Singh
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
10 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Preceded by Abul Hasnat Khan
Succeeded by Abhijit Mukherjee
Constituency Jangipur
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
1 January 1969 – 1 February 2002
Constituency Various
Personal details
Born (1935-12-11)11 December 1935
Mirati, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now West Bengal, India)
Died 31 August 2020(2020-08-31) (aged 84)
New Delhi, Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Independent (2012–2020)
Other political
Indian National Congress (1971–1986; 1989–2012)
Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (1986–1989)
Bangla Congress (1966–1971)
Suvra Mukherjee
(m. 1957; died 2015)
Children 3 including,
  • Sharmistha Mukherjee
  • Abhijit Mukherjee
Alma mater University of Calcutta (B.A., M.A., LL.B.)
Awards Bharat Ratna (2019)
Padma Vibhushan (2008)
Nickname(s) Pranab Da

Pranab Mukherjee (11 December 1935 – 31 August 2020) was an Indian politician. He was the 13th President of India serving from 2012 through 2017. He was a member of the Indian National Congress.

Political career

Mukherjee became President on 25 July 2012. He succeeded Pratibha Patil (served 2007–12), India’s first woman president. Before Mukherjee became President, he had served as Foreign, Defence, Commerce and Finance Minister at different times in his political career. Mukherjee also served as a member of both Lok Sabha (twice) and Rajya Sabha (five times).

In 2017, Mukherjee decided not to run for re-election and to retire from politics after leaving the presidency due to "health complications relating to old age". He was replaced by Ram Nath Kovind on 25 July 2017.


Mukherjee was born in the village of Mirati in Birbhum District of West Bengal. Mukherjee’s father, Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee, was deeply involved in India’s struggle for independence from Great Britain in the first half of the 20th century. Pranab was educated at the Suri Vidyasagar College (then affiliated with the University of Calcutta), and he later earned an advanced degree in history and political science as well as a law degree from the university. He was married to Suvra Mukherjee from 1957 until her death in 18 August 2015(aged 74).

In early August 2020, Mukherjee was hospitalized in an army hospital after falling in his shower in New Delhi. On 10 August, he was diagnosed with COVID-19. He died on 31 August 2020, aged 84.

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