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President of India
Flag of India.svg
Emblem of India.svg
State Emblem of India
The President of India Ram Nath Kovind on October 18, 2019 (02) (cropped).jpg
Ram Nath Kovind

since 25 July 2017
Residence Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Rashtrapati Nilayam, Hyderabad (winter)
The Retreat Building, Shimla (summer)
Appointer Electoral College of India
Term length Five years
Precursor Governor General of India
Inaugural holder Rajendra Prasad (1950–1962)
Formation The Constitution of India
26 January 1950; 71 years ago (1950-01-26)
Deputy Vice President of India
Salary INR500000 (US$8,500) (per month)

The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The current president, Ram Nath Kovind, who was sworn in on 25 July 2017. He succeeded Pranab Mukherjee. The President resides in an estate known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi. 


The President must be:

  • A citizen of India
  • At least 35 years old
  • A person shall not be eligible for election as President if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
  • The name of the candidate desiring to be the President must be proposed by at least 10 electors and seconded by another 10 of the Electoral College.

Vacancy in the Office of President

The Office of the President falls vacant in the following scenarios:

  • By reason of death
  • By reason of resignation
  • Removal by Supreme Court
  • Removal by impeachment
  • On the expiry of their term

The Vice-President of India will have to discharge the duties, if the Office falls vacant due to any reason other than expiry of the term. when vacancies occur in the offices of the President and of the Vice-President simultaneously, the Chief Justice discharges the functions of the President until a newly elected President.

List of Presidents

Living former Presidents

There is one living former Indian president:

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