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Prime Minister of the
Republic of India
भारत के प्रधानमंत्री of India
Flag of India.svg
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of Govt of India
Shri Narendra Modi.jpg
Narendra Modi

since 26 May 2014
Government of India
Prime Minister's Office
Style Mr. Prime Minister
The Honourable
Member of Cabinet
NITI Aayog
Parliament of India
Reports to Parliament of India
President of India
Residence Panchavati,
New Delhi
Appointer President of India
Term length The Prime Minister is the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holder Jawaharlal Nehru
Formation Constitution of India
Salary INR200 lakh (US$340,000) (annual, including INR4,900,000 (US$83,000) MP's salary)
Website Prime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of India. The prime minister is the head of the executive branch of the national government and is charged with enforcing federal laws. The current prime minister is Narendra Modi, who was appointed as pm in 2014.

The Prime Minister appoints the Council of Ministers, distributes portfolios among them, acts as the link between the Council of Ministers and the President and is the chief spokesperson of India's foreign policy. While the President is the head of state, their executive powers are exercised by the Prime minister who is the most senior leader of the executive branch of the union government. This makes the prime minister the de facto chief executive of India, therefore the President's role is mostly ceremonial.

Role and Power of the Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is responsible in aiding the President in his/her work relating to the government. The Prime Minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament.

Some specific ministries/department are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the Prime Minister himself. The Prime Minister is usually always in-charge/head of:

  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet;
  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions;
  • Ministry of Planning;
  • Department of Atomic Energy; and
  • Department of Space.

The Prime Minister also represents the country in various international meetings, conferences and organizations.

Selection process


A Prime Minister must be:

  • a citizen of India. (citizen may be or may not be born in India).
  • should be a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. If a person elected prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor Rajya Sabha, then he must become a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within six months.
  • of above 25 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Lok Sabha) or above 30 years of age ( in the case of a seat in the Rajya sabha)


Oath of office:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.

Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I

Oath of secrecy:

I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Prime Minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.

Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II

List of Prime Ministers

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