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The Mughal Emperor Humayun
Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg 2nd Mughal Emperor
Reign 26 December 1530 – 17 May 1540
22 February 1555 – 27 January 1556
Coronation 29 December 1530 Agra
Predecessor Babur
Successor Akbar
Born (1508-03-06)6 March 1508
Kabul, modern-day Afghanistan
Died 27 January 1556(1556-01-27) (aged 47)
Burial Humayun's Tomb
Spouse Haji Begum
Bega Begum
Hamida Banu Begum
Bigeh Begum
Miveh Jan
Shahzadi Khanum
Issue Akbar, son

Mirza Muhammad Hakim, son
Aqiqeh Begum, daughter
Bakshi Banu Begum, daughter

Bakht-un-Nisa Begum, daughter
Dynasty Mughal
Father Babur
Mother Maham Begum
Religion Islam

Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (6 March 1508 - 27 January 1556) was the second Mughal Emperor.

He ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530 to 1540. He was the son of the previous emperor, Babur.

His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.

Military campaigns

In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Humayun won the battle and captured Chunar. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujrat. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj the next year (1540).

Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India.

War with Bahadur Shah

In 1531, Bahadur Shah Zafar overran Malwa and the next year he turned to Mewar. Humayun marched against Bahadur Shah and easily defeated his forces. Bahadur Shah fled to Ahmedabad and from there to Kathisawar.


In 1556, Humayun had a fatal fall from the stairs of his private observatory (some sources say his library). He was carrying books when his feet got caught in his robe and he tripped and fractured his head. He had bent down upon hearing the azaan (the Muslim call to prayer). All medical aid proved useless, and Humayun died. He is known as "the luckless one".

Images for kids

In 1556, he fell down the steps of his library in Sher Mandal, (in Purana Kila) and died soon after. He was succeeded by Akbar

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