Humayun facts for kids
The Mughal Emperor Humayun
|2nd Mughal Emperor|
|Reign||26 December 1530 AD – 17 May 1540 AD
22 February 1555 AD– 27 January 1556 AD
|Coronation||30 December 1530, Agra|
17 March 1508|
Kabul, modern-day Afghanistan
|Died||27 January 1556
Hamida Banu Begum
Nasir uddin Muhammad Humayun (Persian: نصیر الدین محمد همایون; OS 7 March 1508 AD – OS 17 January 1556 AD) was the second Mughal Emperor. He ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530 to 1540. He was the son of the previous emperor, Babur.
His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.
In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Humayun won the battle and capured Chunar. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujarat. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj a year later.
Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India.
Images for kids
Shah Tahmasp provided Humayun wit 12,000 cavalry and 300 veterans of his personal guard along with provisions, so that his guests may recover their domains in India.
Shah Tahmasp I and the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Isfahan.
The infant Akbar presents a painting to his father Humayun.
Humayun is reunited with Akbar.
An image from an album commissioned by Shah Jahan shows Humayun sitting beneath a tree in his garden in India.
In 1556, he fell down the steps of his library in Sher Mandal, (in Purana Kila) and died soon after. He was succeeded by Akbar
Humayun Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.