kids encyclopedia robot

Taj Mahal facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal (Edited).jpeg
Location Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates Script error: The function "coordinsert" does not exist.
Area 17 hectares
Height 73 m (240 ft)
Built 1632–53
Built for Mumtaz Mahal
Architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri
Architectural style(s) Mughal architecture
Visitors 7–8 million (in 2014)
Governing body Government of India
UNESCO World Heritage site
Criteria Cultural: i
Reference 252
Inscription 1983 (7th Session)

The Taj Mahal is a tomb built in the 17th century by the Mughal king Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. She was his 3rd wife. Eventually, Shah Jahan was entombed in the Taj Mahal with his wife.

The building is in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Widely thought of as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, it is one of India's biggest tourist attractions.

It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, together with the Agra Fort, 2.5 kilometers away. It was listed as one of the New7Wonders of the World in 2007.


Taj Mahal East Side
A view of the Taj Mahal from the east

The Taj Mahal is an example of Mughal architecture – a mixture of building design ideas from Islamic Indian, Persian (old Iran), and Muslim arts.

The Taj Mahal was constructed with materials from all over the world, and over 20,000 people were used to move building materials. It is generally thought that Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was in charge of the construction. The construction was finished in 1653.


Many people think it is one of the most beautiful buildings ever built. However, it is slowly being damaged by acid rain. A nearby oil refinery has been blamed for some of the damage. In 1996, the Indian Supreme Court said that local industry was harming the Taj Mahal. The court set up an area of 10,400 square meters around the Taj Mahal called the Taj Trapezium Zone. Industries within this zone must use natural gas instead of coal.

There have also been concerns about the effect of visitors on the site. Rajan Kishore, a conservationist from Agra, has said that visitors walking through are putting too much pressure on the Taj Mahal, and suggested that the number of people allowed in be limited.

Related pages

Images for kids

kids search engine
Taj Mahal Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.