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Aurangzeb facts for kids

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Aurangzeb in old age 2.jpg
Aurangzeb reading the Quran.
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg 6th Mughal Emperor
Reign 31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707
Coronation 15 June 1659
Predecessor Shah Jahan
Successor Muhammad Azam Shah
Born (1618-11-04)4 November 1618 (N.S.)
Dahod, Mughal Empire
Died 3 March 1707(1707-03-03) (aged 88)
Ahmednagar, India
Burial Khuldabad
House Timurid
Dynasty Timurid
Father Shah Jahan
Mother Mumtaz Mahal
Religion Islam

Aurangzeb (4 November 1618 – 3 March 1707) was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire. He ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. During this time, Aurangzeb greatly expanded the territory of the Mughal Empire. He was constantly at war. Victories in the south expanded the Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres. He was the last great ruler of the Mughal dynasty. After his death, the power of the Mughal Empire declined quickly. Aurangzeb was well educated and ambitious.

His full name was Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb. His imperial title was Alamgir.

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