Guru Gobind Singh facts for kids

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Guru Gobind Singh
Guru Gobind Singh Ji
Portrait of Guru Gobind Singh, holding a falcon and escorted by Sikhs
Religion Sikhism
Known for Founding the Khalsa
Wrote Jaap Sahib, Chandi di Var, Tav-Prasad Savaiye, Zafarnamah, Bachittar Natak, Akal Ustat, Chaupai (Sikhism)
Other names Tenth Nanak
Personal
Born Gobind Rai
5 January 1666
Patna Sahib (Present day Patna, India)
Died 7 October 1708(1708-10-07) (aged 41)
Hazur Sahib Nanded (Present day India)
Cause of death Wound blood
Spouse Mata Jito, Mata Sundari and Mata Sahib Devan
Children Ajit Singh
Jujhar Singh
Zorawar Singh
Fateh Singh
Parents Guru Tegh Bahadur, Mata Gujri
Religious career
Predecessor Guru Tegh Bahadur
Successor Guru Granth Sahib

Guru Gobind Singh (5 January 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher. When his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was beheaded for refusing to convert to Islam, Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs at age nine, becoming the tenth Sikh Guru. His four sons died during his lifetime – two in battle, two executed by the Mughal army.

Among his notable contributions to Sikhism are founding the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699 and introducing the Five Ks, the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times. Guru Gobind Singh also continued the formalisation of the religion, wrote important Sikh texts, and enshrined the scripture the Guru Granth Sahib as Sikhism's eternal Guru.

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Guru Gobind Singh Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.