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Varanasi

Kashi
Banaras
Benares
Avimukta
Ānandavana
Rudravāsa
Left to Right, Top to Bottom: Ahilya Ghat, Chet Singh Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ganga Aarti at Dashashwamedh Ghat, Ganges River bank along Varanasi, Man offering prayers to the river Ganga, Dashashwamedh Ghat
Left to Right, Top to Bottom: Ahilya Ghat, Chet Singh Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ganga Aarti at Dashashwamedh Ghat, Ganges River bank along Varanasi, Man offering prayers to the river Ganga, Dashashwamedh Ghat
Nickname(s): 
The spiritual capital of India
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
Division Varanasi
District Varanasi
Area
 • Metropolis 112.10 km2 (43.28 sq mi)
Elevation
80.71 m (264.80 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Metropolis 1,201,815
 • Rank 32nd
 • Density 10,720.9/km2 (27,767.1/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,432,280 (32nd)
Language
 • Official Hindi
 • Additional official Urdu
 • Regional Bhojpuri
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
221 001 to** (** area code)
Telephone code 0542
Vehicle registration UP 65
GDP $3.07 billion (2016–17)
Per capita income INR 1,93 616
Sex ratio 0.926 (2011) /
Literacy (2011) 80.12%
HDI 0.645

Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी Vārāṇasī,Telugu: వారణాసి, [ʋaːɾaːɳəsiː), also commonly known as Banaras and Kashi, is a city situated on the banks of the river Ganga (Ganges) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh regarded holy by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains, and is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world along with Damascus.

Notable people

Rani Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi from 1842 to 6/18/1858, an Indian queen and charismatic female strategist, was born here, named Manikarnika. On 10 May 1857, she led the Hindu revolt, also known as India's First War of Independence, against the British navy. She died on 6/17/1858 or 6/18/1858 at age 29.


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