Shah Jahan facts for kids

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Shahab-ud-din Muhammad
Shah Jahan
شهاب الدین محمد
شاہ جهان
Padishah of the Mughal Empire
Shah Jahan
'Jujhar Singh Bundela Kneels in Submission to Shah Jahan', painted by Bichitr, c. 1630, Chester Beatty Library.jpg
Shah Jahan
5th Mughal Emperor
Reign 19 January 1628 –31 July 1658
Coronation 14 February 1628, Agra
Predecessor Shahryar Mirza (de facto)
Jahangir
Successor Aurangzeb
Born Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram
5 January 1592
Lahore, Mughal Empire
Died 22 January 1666(1666-01-22) (aged 74)
Agra Fort, Agra, Mughal Empire
Burial Taj Mahal, Agra
Consort Mumtaz Mahal
Wives
  • Qandahari Mahal
  • Akbarabadi Mahal
  • Fatehpuri Mahal
  • Sirhindi Mahal
Issue
among others...
  • Parhiz Ara Begum
  • Jahanara Begum
  • Dara Shikoh
  • Shah Shuja
  • Roshanara Begum
  • Aurangzeb
  • Murad Baksh
  • Gauhar Ara Begum
Full name
Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram
Regnal name
Shah Jahan
House Timurid
Father Jahangir
Mother Jagat Gosain
Religion Sunni Islam

Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jahan, Shahjahan, Urdu: شاه ‌جہاں, Persian: شاه جهان, real birth name Prince 'Khurram'; January 5, 1592 – January 22, 1666) was Mughal emperor in India from 1628 until 1658. He was the fifth ruler of the Mughal dynasty.

The period of his reign is considered as the golden age of Mughal art and architecture. Shah Jahan is best known for erecting many splendid monuments, the most famous of which in all the world, is the Taj Mahal at Agra, built in 1632–1648 as a tomb for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

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