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Andover, New Jersey facts for kids

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See also: Andover Township, New Jersey
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Andover, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Andover
Grist Mill Stone House, built 1760
Grist Mill Stone House, built 1760
Map of Andover Borough in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Map of Andover Borough in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Andover, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Andover, New Jersey.
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Coordinates: 40°59′09″N 74°44′37″W / 40.985743°N 74.743701°W / 40.985743; -74.743701Coordinates: 40°59′09″N 74°44′37″W / 40.985743°N 74.743701°W / 40.985743; -74.743701
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Incorporated March 25, 1904
Named for Andover, Hampshire, England
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 1.36 sq mi (3.53 km2)
 • Land 1.35 sq mi (3.49 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)  1.18%
Area rank 464th of 565 in state
21st of 24 in county
Elevation
646 ft (197 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 606
 • Estimate 
(2019)
563
 • Rank 549th of 566 in state
23rd of 24 in county
 • Density 417.3/sq mi (161.1/km2)
 • Density rank 458th of 566 in state
10th of 24 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
07821
Area code(s) 973 exchange: 786
FIPS code 3403701330
GNIS feature ID 885140

Andover is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 606, reflecting a decline of 52 (-7.9%) from the 658 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 42 (-6.0%) from the 700 counted in the 1990 Census.

Andover was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 25, 1904, from portions of Andover Township. The borough was named for Andover Township, which was in turn named for Andover, Hampshire, England.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.471 square miles (3.810 km2), including 1.452 square miles (3.761 km2) of land and 0.019 square miles (0.048 km2) of water (1.27%).

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 884
1920 417 −52.8%
1930 479 14.9%
1940 512 6.9%
1950 560 9.4%
1960 734 31.1%
1970 813 10.8%
1980 892 9.7%
1990 700 −21.5%
2000 658 −6.0%
2010 606 −7.9%
2019 (est.) 563 −7.1%
Population sources: 1910-1920
1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 606 people, 241 households, and 164 families residing in the borough. The population density was 417.3 per square mile (161.1/km2). There were 263 housing units at an average density of 181.1 per square mile (69.9/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 91.75% (556) White, 1.16% (7) Black or African American, 0.33% (2) Native American, 2.15% (13) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 2.64% (16) from other races, and 1.98% (12) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.59% (46) of the population.

There were 241 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 100.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,000 (with a margin of error of +/- $20,882) and the median family income was $78,889 (+/- $19,386). Males had a median income of $54,583 (+/- $21,861) versus $41,667 (+/- $24,816) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,262 (+/- $7,656). About 6.7% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 658 people, 261 households, and 180 families residing in the borough. The population density was 451.9 people per square mile (174.0/km2). There were 273 housing units at an average density of 187.5 per square mile (72.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.71% White, 2.28% African American, 0.76% Native American, 2.28% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.58% of the population.

There were 261 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $60,000, and the median income for a family was $69,688. Males had a median income of $38,056 versus $30,950 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,914. None of the families and 2.8% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 9.1% of those over 64.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 7.41 miles (11.93 km) of roadways, of which 1.92 miles (3.09 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.18 miles (5.12 km) by Sussex County and 2.31 miles (3.72 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

U.S. Route 206 and County Route 517 pass through the borough.

Public transportation

Lakeland Bus Lines provides service operating along Interstate 80 between Newton, New Jersey and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.

As part of restoring train service via the Lackawanna Cut-Off, funding has been secured to rebuild a 7.3 miles (11.7 km) stretch of the railroad to a new station in Andover, which is projected to open in the fall of 2018.

Aeroflex-Andover Airport is located 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the central business district and Trinca Airport, 3 miles (4.8 km) southwest.

Education

Public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Andover Regional School District, together with students from Andover Township. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 450 students and 48.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Florence M. Burd Elementary School with 225 students in grades PreK-4 and Long Pond Middle School with 220 students in grades 5-8. The district's board of education has nine members who set policy and oversee the fiscal and educational operation of the district through its administration, with Andover Borough assigned one of the nine seats, based on the population of the two constituent municipalities.

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Newton High School in Newton, together with students from Andover Township and Green Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Newton Public School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 715 students and 66.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.8:1.

Since 1972, Lakeland Andover School has been operating as a therapeutic, nonprofit, private day school for students in grades 7-12, serving the educational and vocational training needs of students with emotional and behavioral challenges.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Andover include:

  • Stephen M. Balzer (c. 1864 – 1940), mechanic and developer of an early car and airplane engine.
  • Kenneth Burke (1897–1993), cultural and literary critic and philosopher; Harry and Tom Chapin's grandfather.
  • Finn M. W. Caspersen (1941-2009), financier and philanthropist.
  • Newman E. Drake (1860–1930), founder of the Drake's baking company.
  • Rob Freeman (born 1981), member of Hidden in Plain View.

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