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André Bazin
Bazin What Is Cinema.jpg
André Bazin on the cover of the third volume of the original edition of Qu'est-ce que le cinéma?
Born (1918-04-18)18 April 1918
Angers, France
Died 11 November 1958(1958-11-11) (aged 40)
Nogent-sur-Marne, France
Nationality French
Alma mater Ecole Normale Supérieure de Saint-Cloud
Occupation Film critic, film theorist

André Bazin ( 18 April 1918 – 11 November 1958) was a renowned and influential French film critic and film theorist.

Bazin started to write about film in 1943 and was a co-founder of the renowned film magazine Cahiers du cinéma in 1951, with Jacques Doniol-Valcroze and Joseph-Marie Lo Duca.

He is notable for arguing that realism is the most important function of cinema. His call for objective reality, deep focus, and lack of montage are linked to his belief that the interpretation of a film or scene should be left to the spectator. This placed him in opposition to film theory of the 1920s and 1930s, which emphasized how the cinema could manipulate reality.

Life

Bazin was born in Angers, France in 1918. He met future film and television producer Janine Kirsch while working at Labour and Culture, a militant organization associated with the French Communist party during World War II and eventually they married in 1949 and had a son named Florent. He died in 1958, age 40, of leukemia.

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