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Andrzej Wiktor Schally
Andrew Schally portrait.jpg
Andrew Schally
Born November 30, 1926
Wilno, Poland
Nationality Polish, American
Awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1977
Scientific career
Institutions Tulane University

Andrzej Wiktor Schally, also known as Andrew W. Schally, born November 30, 1926 in Wilno, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania) is a Polish-born American endocrinologist. In 1977, He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He is of Jewish descent.

Born in Poland, Andrew Schally received his education in Scotland and England. In 1952, he moved to Canada. He received his doctorate in endocrinology from McGill University in 1957. That same year he left for a research career in the United States where he has worked mainly at Tulane University. A Canadian citizen when he left Canada, Schally became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1962. He was affiliated with the Baylor College of Medicine for some years in Houston, Texas.

He developed a whole new realm of knowledge concerning the brain’s control over the body chemistry. His works also addressed birth control methods and growth hormones. He - as well as Roger Guillemin- described the neurohormone GnRH that controls FSH and LH. He was awarded an honorary Doctoral Degree from Jagiellonian University at Kraków.


  • Aleksandra Ziółkowska "Korzenie są polskie", Warszawa 1992. ISBN: 83-7066-406-7
  • Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm "The Roots Are Polish", Toronto 2004 (English language imprint). ISBN: 0-920517-05-6
  • Nicholas Wade (1981). The Nobel Duel, Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, NY.
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