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Annette Island facts for kids

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AKMap-doton-Metlakatla
Annette Island location in southeast Alaska
Annette Island panorama
Annette Island Panorama

Annette Island or Taak'w Aan (Tlingit) is an island in the Gravina Islands of the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean on the southeastern coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is at 55°08′06″N 131°27′21″W / 55.135°N 131.45583°W / 55.135; -131.45583. It is about 18 km (11 mi) long and about 18 km (11 mi) wide. The land area is 332.573 km2 (128.407 sq mi). Annette Island is located west across the Revillagigedo Channel from the Alaska mainland and south of Revillagigedo Island. The Island was named in 1879 by William Healey Dall, an American naturalist and explorer in Alaska, in honor of his wife Annette Whitney Dall.

The meaning of the Tlingit name for the island is Winter Town. Since the late 19th century, it has been the base of the Annette Island Reserve of the Metlakatla Indian Community, composed mostly of Tsimshian people. This is the only remaining Native reservation in Alaska, as the Metlakatla voted to opt out of giving up their lands under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of the 1970s. In 2016 they elected Audrey Hudson as their first Tribal Chairwoman.

Community and demographics

The largest settlement on the island is Metlakatla. The federally recognized Metlakatla Indian Community was founded by Anglican missionary William Duncan and Tsimshian followers who moved with him from their community of Metlakatla in British Columbia after he had a doctrinal dispute with his church.

Since the late 19th century, the entire island has been a Native reservation, a status enacted by Congress when the Tlingit agreed to let the Tsimshian use this territory.

Climate

The lower elevations of Annette Island have a Marine west coast climate (Köppen Cfb), with windy and wet weather year-round, cool winters, and mild summers, and straddle the border between USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 and 8. Due to its southerly and maritime location, with an annual mean temperature of 46.6 °F (8.1 °C), the Annette Island Airport is one of the warmest locations statewide. Precipitation falls on most days during the winter, and the seasonal total snowfall of 33.5 inches (85 cm) occurs mostly from November to March, with some accumulation during April. Snowfall in May and October is relatively rare; warm spells raise the high to 50 °F (10 °C) for several days each month. During summer, there is an average of 17 days with 70 °F (21 °C)+ highs, and rain still falls on around half of the days. Precipitation averages more than 101 inches (2.57 m) annually, with June and July being the driest months and October and November the wettest. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −4 °F (−20 °C) on January 30, 1947 up to 93 °F (34 °C) on June 19, 2004, with the temperature having fallen below 0 °F (−18 °C) only on a handful of occasions. In addition, the Annette Island Airport holds the Alaska state monthly record high temperatures for April (82 °F or 28 °C on April 29, 1976) and November (67 °F or 19 °C on November 1, 1970).


Climate data for Annette Island Airport, Alaska (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
(16.1)
65
(18.3)
64
(17.8)
82
(27.8)
88
(31.1)
93
(33.9)
90
(32.2)
90
(32.2)
82
(27.8)
71
(21.7)
67
(19.4)
62
(16.7)
93
(33.9)
Average high °F (°C) 41.6
(5.33)
42.7
(5.94)
44.9
(7.17)
50.2
(10.11)
56.3
(13.5)
61.1
(16.17)
64.3
(17.94)
64.7
(18.17)
59.3
(15.17)
51.6
(10.89)
44.6
(7)
41.5
(5.28)
51.9
(11.06)
Average low °F (°C) 32.4
(0.22)
32.7
(0.39)
34.5
(1.39)
38.2
(3.44)
44.0
(6.67)
49.2
(9.56)
52.9
(11.61)
53.1
(11.72)
48.4
(9.11)
41.9
(5.5)
35.4
(1.89)
32.8
(0.44)
41.3
(5.17)
Record low °F (°C) −4
(-20)
2
(-16.7)
1
(-17.2)
3
(-16.1)
30
(-1.1)
37
(2.8)
40
(4.4)
40
(4.4)
30
(-1.1)
18
(-7.8)
−3
(-19.4)
1
(-17.2)
−4
(-20)
Precipitation inches (mm) 10.73
(272.5)
7.30
(185.4)
8.04
(204.2)
6.77
(172)
5.56
(141.2)
4.88
(124)
4.64
(117.9)
6.95
(176.5)
9.79
(248.7)
13.92
(353.6)
12.29
(312.2)
10.72
(272.3)
101.61
(2,580.9)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.8
(19.8)
7.0
(17.8)
6.5
(16.5)
1.4
(3.6)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
3.3
(8.4)
7.4
(18.8)
33.5
(85.1)
Humidity 77.1 78.1 75.4 75.4 74.9 77.0 78.6 80.8 81.6 81.5 79.1 78.8 78.2
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 22.1 17.6 21.6 18.8 15.9 15.4 14.9 15.8 18.7 23.6 23.6 23.0 231.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.4 4.5 4.7 1.6 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.1 2.8 4.6 23.9
Sunshine hours 49.6 70.6 105.4 147.0 186.0 162.0 148.8 145.7 108.0 68.2 51.0 34.1 1,276.4
Source #1: NOAA (extremes 1941–present, humidity 1961–1990)
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun 1961–1990)


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