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Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée Cannes.jpg
Aimée at Cannes, 2007
Nicole Françoise Florence Dreyfus

(1932-04-27) 27 April 1932 (age 92)
Paris, France
Years active 1947–present
Edouard Zimmermann
(m. 1949; div. 1950)
Nikos Papatakis
(m. 1951; div. 1954)
Pierre Barouh
(m. 1966; div. 1969)
(m. 1970; div. 1978)
Children 1

Nicole Françoise Florence Dreyfus (born 27 April 1932), known professionally as Anouk Aimée (French pronunciation: [an'uk ɛm'e]) or Anouk, is a French film actress who has appeared in 70 films since 1947, having begun her film career at age 14. In her early years, she studied acting and dance besides her regular education. Although the majority of her films were French, she also made films in Spain, Great Britain, Italy and Germany, along with some American productions.

Among her films are Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita (1960), after which she was considered a "rising star who exploded" onto the film world. She subsequently acted in Fellini's (1963), Jacques Demy's Lola (1961), George Cukor's Justine (1969), Bernardo Bertolucci's Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man (1981) and Robert Altman's Prêt à Porter (1994). She won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama and the BAFTA Award for Best Actress and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her acting in A Man and a Woman (1966). The film "virtually reignited the lush on-screen romance in an era of skeptical modernism," and brought her international fame.

She won the Award for Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival for Marco Bellocchio's film A Leap in the Dark (1980). In 2002 she received an honorary César Award, France's national film award.

..... She has often portrayed a femme fatale with a melancholy aura. In the 1960s, Life magazine commented: "after each picture her enigmatic beauty lingered" in the memories of her audience, and called her "the Left Bank's most beautiful resident."

Early years

Aimée was born in Paris to actor Henri Murray (born Henry Dreyfus; 30 January 1907 – 29 January 1984) and actress Geneviève Sorya (née Durand; 23 June 1912 – 23 March 2008). According to one historian, although some have speculated that her background may be related to Captain Alfred Dreyfus, this has never been confirmed. Her father was Jewish, whereas her mother was Catholic. She was raised Catholic but later converted to Judaism as an adult.

Her early education took place at l'École de la rue Milton, in Paris; École de Barbezieux; Pensionnat de Bandol; and Institution de Megève. She studied dance at Marseille Opera. During World War II she was a pupil at Mayfield School, Mayfield in Sussex, but left before taking final exams. She studied theatre in England, after which she studied dramatic art and dance with Andrée Bauer-Thérond.


Anouk Aimee - 1963
Anouk Aimée in , 1963

Aimée (then still Françoise Dreyfus) made her film debut, at the age of fourteen, in the role of Anouk in La Maison sous la mer (The House Under the Sea, 1946), and she kept the name afterwards. Jacques Prévert, while writing Les amants de Vérone (The Lovers of Verona, 1949) specifically for her, suggested she take the symbolic last name Aimée, "that would forever associate her with the affective power of her screen roles." In French, it means "beloved."

Among her films were Alexandre Astruc's The Crimson Curtain (Le Rideau Cramoisi, 1953), Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita (1960), Fellini's (1963), Jacques Demy's Lola (1961), André Delvaux's One Night... A Train (Un Soir, un Train, 1968), George Cukor's Justine (1969), Bernardo Bertolucci's Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man (1981), Robert Altman's Prêt à Porter (Ready to Wear, 1994) and, Claude Lelouch's A Man and a Woman (Un Homme et une femme, 1966) — described as a "film that virtually reignited the lush on-screen romance in an era of skeptical modernism." .....

Because of her "striking features" and her beauty, she has been compared to Jacqueline Kennedy. Film historian Ginette Vincendeau has commented that Aimée's films "established her as an ethereal, sensitive and fragile beauty with a tendency to tragic destinies or restrained suffering."

Her abilities as an actress and the photogenic qualities of her face, its "fine lines, expression of elation and a suggestive gaze," helped her achieve success in her early films. Émile Savitry made an early portrait of her at 15, holding a kitten on the set of Carné's La Fleur de l'âge (1947). Among others of her films of this period were Pot-Bouille (1957), Les Amants de Montparnasse (Montparnasse 19) (The Lovers of Montparnasse, (1958) and La tête contre les murs (Head Against the Wall, 1958).

Besides the French cinema, Aimée's career includes films made in Spain, Great Britain, Italy and Germany. She achieved worldwide attention in Fellini's La Dolce Vita (1960) and Lola (1961). She appeared again in Fellini's 8+12, and would remain in Italy during the first half of the 1960s, making films for a number of Italian directors. Because of her role in La Dolce Vita, biographer Dave Thompson describes Aimée as a "rising star who exploded" onto the film world. He adds that singer-songwriter Patti Smith, who in her teens saw the film, began to idolise her, and "dreamed of being an actress like Aimée."

Aimée's greatest success came with the film A Man and a Woman (Un homme et une femme, 1966) directed by Claude Lelouch. Primarily due to the excellent acting by its stars, Aimée and Jean-Louis Trintignant and the beautiful musical score, the film became an international success, winning both the Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival in 1966 and two Oscars including Best Foreign Language Film. Tabery states that with her "subtle portrayal of the heroine—self-protective, then succumbing to a new love—Aimée seemed to create a new kind of femme fatale."

Film historian Jurgen Muller adds, "whether one likes the film or not, it's still hard for anyone to resist the melancholy aura of Anouk Aimée." In many of her subsequent films, she would continue to play that type of role, "a woman of sensitivity whose emotions are often kept secret."

She starred in the American film production of Justine (1969), costarring Dirk Bogarde and directed by George Cukor and Joseph Strick. ..... While Aimee garnered some positive reviews, the film itself was a critical and box-office disaster.

Photojournalist Eve Arnold, assigned to photograph and write a story about Aimée and her role, spoke to Dirk Bogarde, who had known her since she was fifteen. He said that "She is never so happy as when she is miserable between love affairs," referencing her recent love affair with Omar Sharif, her co-star in The Appointment (1969). Arnold photographed Aimée, who talked about her role as the character Justine. Justine was also Jewish.

Another American film, La Brava, starring Dustin Hoffman, was set to be made in 1984 but was never completed. Hoffman at first decided it would play better if he were in love with a younger girl rather than the original story's older woman. "Where are you going to get a good-looking older woman?" he asked. He rejected Faye Dunaway, feeling she was "too obvious." A month later, after a chance meeting with Aimée in Paris, he changed his mind, telling his producer, "I can fall in love with the older woman. I met Anouk Aimée over the weekend. She looks great." He begged his producer to at least talk to her: "Come on, get on the phone, say hello to her. . . Just listen to her voice, it's great."

Robert Altman, at another time, wanted to use Aimée in a film to be called Lake Lugano, about a woman who was a Holocaust survivor returning long after the war. She "loved the script," according to Altman.

In 2002, she received an honorary César Award, France's national film award, and in 2003 received an Honorary Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival. In the 1960s, Life magazine called her "the Left Bank's most beautiful resident ... after each picture her enigmatic beauty lingered" in the memories of her audience.

In late 2013, the Cinemania film festival in Montreal, Canada, paid tribute to Aimée's career.

Aimée reunited with director Claude Lelouch and co-star Jean-Louis Trintignant for a follow-up to Un homme et une femme and its sequel, A Man and a Woman: 20 Years Later (Un homme et une femme, 20 ans deja, 1986). The result, The Best Years of a Life (Les plus belles années d'une vie, 2019), was shown at Cannes out of competition.

Personal life

Aimée has been married and divorced four times: Edouard Zimmermann (1949–1950), director Nico Papatakis (1951–1954), actor and musical producer Pierre Barouh (1966–1969) and actor Albert Finney (1970–1978). She has one child, Manuela Papatakis (born 1951), from her second marriage.

Selected filmography

Year Title Role Director
1947 La Maison sous la mer Anouk Henri Calef
1949 Les amants de Vérone ("The Lovers Of Verona") Georgia (a modern Juliet) André Cayatte
1950 Golden Salamander Anna Ronald Neame
1952 La Bergère et le ramoneur (animation film) Voice (the female shepherd) Paul Grimault
Le Rideau cramoisi Albertine Alexandre Astruc
1955 Contraband Spain Elena Vargas Lawrence Huntington
Les Mauvaises rencontres ("Bad Liaisons") Catherine Racan Alexandre Astruc
1956 Ich suche Dich Francoise Maurer O.W. Fischer
Nina Nina Iwanowa Rudolf Jugert
1957 Pot-Bouille Marie Julien Duvivier
Anyone Can Kill Me Isabelle Henri Decoin
1958 Les Amants de Montparnasse (Montparnasse 19) Jeanne Hébuterne Jacques Becker
1959 The Journey Eva Anatole Litvak
La tête contre les murs Stéphanie Georges Franju
Les Dragueurs Jeanne Jean-Pierre Mocky
1960 La Dolce Vita Maddalena Federico Fellini
The Joker Hélène Laroche Philippe de Broca
1961 Il giudizio universale ("The Last Judgement") Irene Vittorio De Sica
Lola Lola Jacques Demy
1962 Sodom and Gomorrah Queen Bera Robert Aldrich
Il giorno più corto ("The shortest Day") cameo appearance Sergio Corbucci
1963 Fellini's 8½ Luisa Anselmi Federico Fellini
1964 Le voci bianche ("White Voices") Lorenza Pasquale Festa Campanile
La fuga ("The Escape") Luisa Paolo Spinola
1965 The Dreamer Valeria Massimo Franciosa
1966 Un homme et une femme ("A Man and a Woman") Anne Gauthier Claude Lelouch
1968 Un soir, un train (One Night... A Train) Anne André Delvaux
1969 Model Shop Lola Jacques Demy
The Appointment Carla Sidney Lumet
Justine Justine George Cukor
1976 Si c'était à refaire ("Second Chance") Sarah Gordon Claude Lelouch
1978 Mon premier amour Jane Romain (the mother) Elie Chouraqui
1979 (Salto nel vuoto) ("A Leap in the Dark") Marta Ponticelli Marco Bellocchio
1981 La Tragedia di un uomo ridicolo ("Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man") Barbara Spaggiari Bernardo Bertolucci
1983 Il generale dell'armata morte ("The General of the Dead Army") Countess Betsy Mirafiore Luciano Tovoli
Viva la vie Anouk Claude Lelouch
1984 Success Is the Best Revenge Monique Jerzy Skolimowski
1986 Un Homme et une femme : vingt ans déjà ("A Man and a Woman: 20 Years Later") Anne Gauthier Claude Lelouch
1990 Bethune: The Making of a Hero Marie-France Coudaire Phillip Borsos
Il y a des jours... et des lunes as herself Claude Lelouch
1994 Les Cent et une nuits ("A Hundred and One Nights") Anouk Agnès Varda
Prêt-à-Porter Simone Lowenthal Robert Altman
1996 Hommes, femmes : mode d'emploi the widow Claude Lelouch
1997 Solomon Bathsheba Roger Young
1998 L.A. Without a Map as herself Mika Kaurismäki
1999 Une pour toutes ("One 4 All") the musician's wife Claude Lelouch
2001 Festival in Cannes Millie Marquand Henry Jaglom
2002 Napoléon Letizia Bonaparte Yves Simoneau
2003 Ils se marièrent et eurent beaucoup d'enfants ("Happily Ever After") Vincent's mother Yvan Attal
2003 La Petite prairie aux bouleaux Myriam Marceline Loridan-Ivens
2010 Paris Connections Agnès Harley Cokeliss
2011 Tous les soleils Agathe Philippe Claudel
2012 Mince alors! mother Charlotte de Turckheim
2019 The Best Years of a Life Anne Gauthier Claude Lelouch

See also

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