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Atractocarpus
Atractocarpus fitzalanii.jpg
Atractocarpus fitzalanii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Gardenieae
Genus: Atractocarpus
Schltr. & K.Krause
Type species
Atractocarpus bracteatus
Schltr. & K.Krause
Synonyms
  • Franciella Guillaumin
  • Neofranciella Guillaumin
  • Sukunia A.C.Sm.
  • Sulitia Merr.
  • Trukia Kaneh.

Atractocarpus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. Its members are commonly known as native gardenias in Australia. The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek terms atractos "spindle", and karpos "fruit", from the spindle-shaped fruit of the type species.

Taxonomy

Defined by botanists Rudolf Schlechter and Kurt Krause in 1908, the type species is Atractocarpus bracteatus, which is found only on New Caledonia. Subsequently, several other species were described from New Caledonia.

Meanwhile, the genera Randia and Gardenia had been used as wastebasket taxa, where many species that had been difficult to place had been placed by default. Several Australian species of the genus Randia were found to be not closely related to Neotropical species and were transferred in a review of the genera by Australian botanist Christopher Puttock in 1999; these include several garden plant species such as A. benthamianus, A. chartaceus, and A. fitzalanii.

Puttock also proposed that the genera Sukunia, Trukia, Neofranciella, and Sulitia (the last two consisting of once species each) be sunk into Atractocarpus. The resulting genus now contains around forty species, with seven found in Australia, and others in the Federated States of Micronesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, and east to Tahiti. All species are found in a type of lowland rainforest known as mesophyll vine forests, as well as swamp forests and vine thickets.

Species

  • Atractocarpus aragoensis Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus benthamianus (F.Muell.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus bracteatus Schltr. & K.Krause
  • Atractocarpus carolinensis (Valeton) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus chartaceus (F.Muell.) Puttock - narrow-leaved gardenia or thin-leaved gardenia
  • Atractocarpus crosbyi (Burkill) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus cucumicarpus S.Moore
  • Atractocarpus decorus (Valeton) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus fitzalanii (F.Muell.) Puttock - brown gardenia or yellow mangosteen
  • Atractocarpus heterophyllus (Montrouz.) Guillaumin & Beavis.
  • Atractocarpus hirtus (F.Muell.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus longipes (A.C.Sm.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus longistipitatus Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus macarthurii (F.Muell.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus merikin (F.M.Bailey) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus oblongus S.Moore
  • Atractocarpus obscurinervius (Merr.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus pentagonioides (Seem.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus platyxylon (Vieill. ex Pancher & Sebert) Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus pterocarpon (Guillaumin) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus rotundifolius Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus sessilifolius Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus sessilis (F.Muell.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus simulans Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus stipularis (F.Muell.) Puttock ex P.S.Green
  • Atractocarpus tahitiensis (Nadeaud) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus tenuiflorus (A.C.Sm.) Puttock
  • Atractocarpus vaginatus Guillaumin
  • Atractocarpus versteegii (Valeton) Puttock
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