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Barnesville, Maryland
Town of Barnesville
Location of Barnesville, Maryland
Location of Barnesville, Maryland
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Flag of Montgomery County, Maryland.svg Montgomery
Incorporated 1888
 • Total 0.49 sq mi (1.27 km2)
 • Land 0.49 sq mi (1.27 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
554 ft (169 m)
 • Total 144
 • Density 294.48/sq mi (113.71/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area codes 301, 240
FIPS code 24-04475
GNIS feature ID 0589696

Barnesville is a town in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States. It was incorporated in 1888. The population was 144 at the 2020 census.


The Maryland General Assembly chartered the town of Barnesville in 1811 and named it in honor of its earliest settler, Williams Barnes. In its early years, the village developed as a regional center for industry and commerce, with two taverns, a blacksmith shop, and a resident physician, a Dr. Lisle. In the 1830s, Barnesville Academy operated on the Hays Farm under the leadership of Irish immigrant Thomas Carr Lannan. Jesuit Ministers from Frederick, Maryland first held mass in Barnesville and led in the creation of St. Mary's Church in 1807. The church yard contains several graves from immigrant workers who died of cholera while building the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal. Barnesville Baptist Church was organized in 1871 and still worships in its original frame building on the east side of the town.


Barnesville is located at 39°13′19″N 77°22′40″W / 39.22194°N 77.37778°W / 39.22194; -77.37778 (39.221975, -77.377813).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.49 square miles (1.27 km2), all of it land.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Barnesville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 154
1920 149 −3.2%
1930 110 −26.2%
1940 121 10.0%
1950 130 7.4%
1960 145 11.5%
1970 162 11.7%
1980 141 −13.0%
1990 170 20.6%
2000 161 −5.3%
2010 172 6.8%
2020 144 −16.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 172 people, 67 households, and 55 families living in the town. The population density was 351.0 inhabitants per square mile (135.5/km2). There were 71 housing units at an average density of 144.9 per square mile (55.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.3% White, 2.3% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.6% Asian, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 67 households, of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 17.9% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the town was 48 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13.4% were from 25 to 44; 40.2% were from 45 to 64; and 17.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

Barnesville community

At the top of a ridge with views of Sugarloaf Mountain to the north and the Catoctin Mountain and Blue Ridge ranges to the west, Barnesville enjoys a connection with the rhythms of the natural world while being within commuting distance of the nation's capital. The town's motto, "A Caring Community", is a testament to the sense of place enjoyed by the town's residents and their neighbors in the Agricultural Reserve of Western Montgomery County.

Barnesville is served by the MARC commuter rail system. The station building was originally a gas metering station in Rockville; it was moved to Barnesville in 1977.


Barnesville is served by the Montgomery County Public Schools.

Schools that serve Barnesville include:

  • Barnesville School of Arts & Sciences, a private school for children who are three years of age through eighth grade
  • Monocacy Elementary School
  • John Poole Middle School
  • Poolesville High School


2016-10-13 09 43 39 View south along Maryland State Route 109 (Beallsville Road) at Barnesville Road in Barnesville, Montgomery County, Maryland
MD 109 southbound leaving Barnesville

The only state highway serving Barnesville is Maryland Route 109. MD 109 follows a northeast–southwest alignment but is signed north–south. Northeast of Barnesville, MD 109 interchanges with Interstate 270 and Maryland Route 355 in Hyattstown. To the southwest of Barnesville, MD 109 intersects Maryland Route 28 on its way to Poolesville.

Notable people

  • Laurence A. Abercrombie, United States Navy admiral
  • Virginia Hall, OSS agent

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