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Battery Rock
Battery Rock cleft.jpg
Battery Rock from its base
Battery Rock is located in Illinois
Battery Rock
Location in Illinois
Battery Rock is located in the United States
Battery Rock
Location in the United States
Location West Bank, River Mile 860, Ohio River
Nearest city Cave-in-Rock, Illinois
Area 33.5 acres (13.6 ha)
MPS Caught in the Middle: The Civil War on the Lower Ohio River MPS
NRHP reference No. 98001257
Added to NRHP November 5, 1998

Battery Rock is a limestone bluff located at Mile 860 of the Ohio River in Hardin County, Illinois, across from Caseyville, Kentucky. The bluff is a prominent navigational landmark along the river.

The site played a role in several conflicts during the Civil War. In 1862, the Union Army based its troops at Battery Rock during a standoff with Confederate troops at Caseyville; the standoff ended when the Union troops moved to Caseyville, found that the Confederates had left the town, and punished the rebellious residents. The bluff also played a role in Confederate general Stovepipe Johnson's attack on riverboats in 1864. During the attack, boats used the landing at Battery Rock as a safe harbor and a place to monitor the situation. In addition, two Union recruiters from Kentucky used the bluff as a recruiting station in 1864, and either a Union garrison or a local defense force placed two cannons at the site; graffiti left by an Indiana regiment has also been found at the site.

The bluff was used as a filming location for the film How the West Was Won in the 1960s.

Battery Rock was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 5, 1998.

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