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Bell Buckle, Tennessee
Downtown Bell Buckle
Downtown Bell Buckle
Location of Bell Buckle, Tennessee
Location of Bell Buckle, Tennessee
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Bedford
Area
 • Total 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
 • Land 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
856 ft (261 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 500
 • Density 837/sq mi (323.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
37020
Area code(s) 931
FIPS code 47-04460
GNIS feature ID 1276910

Bell Buckle is a town in Bedford County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 500 at the 2010 census. The downtown area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Bell Buckle Historic District.

Geography

Bell Buckle is located in northeastern Bedford County at 35°35′27″N 86°21′15″W / 35.59083°N 86.35417°W / 35.59083; -86.35417 (35.590749, -86.354047). Tennessee State Routes 82 and 269 cross at the town's center. TN 82 leads east 8 miles (13 km) to Beechgrove and Interstate 24, and west 5 miles (8 km) to U.S. Route 231 at a point 7 miles (11 km) north of Shelbyville, the county seat. TN 269 leads south 5 miles (8 km) to Wartrace and north 11 miles (18 km) to U.S. 231 near Christiana.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Bell Buckle has a total area of 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 298
1890 715 139.9%
1900 665 −7.0%
1910 466 −29.9%
1920 471 1.1%
1930 378 −19.7%
1940 355 −6.1%
1950 341 −3.9%
1960 318 −6.7%
1970 393 23.6%
1980 450 14.5%
1990 326 −27.6%
2000 391 19.9%
2010 500 27.9%
Est. 2015 517 3.4%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 391 people, 167 households, and 105 families residing in the town. The population density was 813.6 people per square mile (314.5/km²). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 380.8 per square mile (147.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.95% White and 2.05% African American.

There were 167 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,188, and the median income for a family was $40,000. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $15,556 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,235. About 8.2% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

The 2010 census showed the population of Bell Buckle to have risen to 500 people, with a total population growth of 27.9%. The census documented 62.8% of the population as being 18 years of age or above, and 37.2% as under 18. The racial makeup of the town was 84.8% White, 8.2% Asian, 3.2% Hispanic, 2.8% African American and 1% from two or more races.

The 2010 census documented 164 housing units, 87.2% of which were occupied, and 12.8% were vacant.

History

The origin of the town's unusual name is not known. According to the local chamber of commerce, one story says that one of the first white men to travel through the area found a tree with carvings of a cowbell and a buckle, possibly carved by Indians to warn white settlers away, or possibly carved by surveyors to mark the area as good pasture. Another form of the legend holds that a bell and buckle were tied around a tree. In any case, the nearby creek was named Bell Buckle Creek, and the town later took the name of the creek.

The Bell Buckle area was settled in the early 19th century. A bustling town grew up after the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad came through the area in 1852. A railroad depot was built in 1853, and the town was incorporated in 1856. Bell Buckle had its period of greatest prosperity after about 1870, becoming the major stockyard between Nashville and Chattanooga and growing to a population of more than 1,000.

On January 11, 1975, on Hee Haw, Molly Bee saluted her home town of Bell Buckle, population 393.

Sightseeing and tourism

Bell Buckle is noted for the many preserved and restored Victorian homes, shops, and churches located in and around downtown. Bell Buckle is a center for antiques, quilts, and various handmade crafts. The town hosts two yearly festivals: the RC Cola & Moon Pie festival and the Webb School Arts & Crafts Fair. In addition to its more rustic business, Bell Buckle got its first financial advisory group, Anderson Asset Management, in 2013. The business is co-owned and operated by James and Julie Anderson, two local residents.

A member of Tennessee Backroads, Bell Buckle has the distinction of being the smallest town in Tennessee to be a Tree City USA. Bell Buckle is the home of The Webb School (which relocated from Culleoka in 1886), a college preparatory boarding and day school which plays an integral part in the ambience of the town.

Coordinates: 35°35′27″N 86°21′15″W / 35.590749°N 86.354047°W / 35.590749; -86.354047

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