Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston facts for kids
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The Most Excellent Field Marshall
The Viscount of Galveston
Portrait of Gálvez, c. 1785
|49th Viceroy of New Spain|
17 June 1785 – 30 November 1786
|Preceded by||Matías de Gálvez y Gallardo|
|Succeeded by||Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta|
|5th Spanish Governor of Louisiana|
|Preceded by||Luis de Unzaga|
|Succeeded by||Esteban Rodríguez Miró|
Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid
23 July 1746
Macharaviaya, Málaga, Crown of Castile, Spain
|Died||30 November 1786
Tacubaya District, Mexico City, New Spain
|Awards||Order of Charles III|
|Years of service||1762–1786|
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War|
Bernardo Vicente de Gálvez y Madrid, 1st Viscount of Galveston, 1st Count of Gálvez (23 July 1746 – 30 November 1786) was a Spanish military leader and colonial administrator who served as colonial governor of Spanish Louisiana and Cuba, and later as Viceroy of New Spain.
Gálvez aided France and the newly formed nation the United States of America in the international war against Britain, defeating the British at the Siege of Pensacola (1781) and conquering West Florida. Following Gálvez's successful campaign the whole of Florida was returned to Spain in the Treaty of Paris. He spent the last two years of his life as Viceroy of New Spain, succeeding his father Matías de Gálvez y Gallardo. The city of Galveston, Texas, was named after him.
Gálvez is one of only eight people to have been awarded honorary United States citizenship.
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