Louisiana (New Spain) facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSpanish colonial Louisiana
|District of New Spain|
|Capital city||Nueva Orleans|
|-||Acquisition from France||10 February 1763|
|-||Return to France||21 March 1801|
|Political subdivisions||Upper Louisiana;
|Today part of|| Canada
Louisiana (Spanish: Luisiana) was an administrative district of the Viceroyalty of New Spain from 1763 to 1801. It included the area west of the Mississippi River basin, plus New Orleans. Spain got the territory from France, which had named it La Louisiane after King Louis XIV in 1682. It is sometimes called Spanish Louisiana. The district was given back to France, under the terms of the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso (1800) and the Treaty of Aranjuez (1801). In 1802, King Charles IV of Spain wrote a royal bill on 14 October. This changed the transfer and outlined the conditions.
However, Spain agreed to still run the colony until French officials came and made the transfer official (1803). The ceremony happened at the Cabildo in New Orleans on 30 November 1803. This was just three weeks before the formalities of cession from France to the United States pursuant to the Louisiana Purchase.
Images for kids
Señora de Balderes and her baby, family native of Nueva Orleans, Spanish colonial Louisiana, by José Francisco Xavier de Salazar y Mendoza (painter born in Mérida, Mexico), ca. 1790. The family lived on Royal Street in what is now called the "French Quarter". Louisiana State Museum
The Cabildo, next to the Saint-Louis Cathedral (See photo below.)
1895 recreation of the St. Louis (San Luis) Cathedral of Nueva Orleans of when it was under Spanish rule; this façade was built by the Spaniards following the Great New Orleans Fire in 1788. The cathedral was later rebuilt in the mid-19th century.
Louisiana (New Spain) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.