Louisiana (New France) facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsFrench colonial Louisiana
|District of New France|
|Capital city||Mobile (1702–1720)
La Nouvelle-Orléans (after 1722)
|-||Split west to Spain||1762|
|-||Split east to Great Britain||1763|
|-||Spanish retrocession||21 March 1801|
|-||Louisiana Purchase||30 April 1803|
|-||Transferred to the United States||20 December 1803|
|Political subdivisions||Upper Louisiana;
|Today part of|| Canada
Louisiana (French: La Louisiane; La Louisiane française) or French Louisiana was an administrative district of New France. It was under French control 1682 to 1762 and 1801 (nominally) to 1803 when France sold it in the Louisiana Purchase. The area was named after King Louis XIV by French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. The area included most of the drainage basin of the Mississippi River, and it went from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, and it went from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rocky Mountains.
Louisiana included two regions. These regions are now known as Upper Louisiana (la Haute-Louisiane), which began north of the Arkansas River, and Lower Louisiana (la Basse-Louisiane). Most of the French people in Upper Louisiana came from Canada.
The U.S. state of Louisiana is named for the historical region. Although it is only a small part of the vast lands claimed by France.
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Louisiana (New France) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.