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Bill Clements
Bill Clements.jpg
42nd & 44th Governor of Texas
In office
January 20, 1987 – January 15, 1991
Lieutenant William P. Hobby Jr.
Preceded by Mark White
Succeeded by Ann Richards
In office
January 16, 1979 – January 18, 1983
Lieutenant William P. Hobby Jr.
Preceded by Dolph Briscoe
Succeeded by Mark White
United States Secretary of Defense
Acting
In office
May 24, 1973 – July 2, 1973
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by Elliot Richardson
Succeeded by James R. Schlesinger
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
January 30, 1973 – January 20, 1977
President Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded by Kenneth Rush
Succeeded by Charles Duncan Jr.
Personal details
Born
William Perry Clements Jr.

(1917-04-13)April 13, 1917
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Died May 29, 2011(2011-05-29) (aged 94)
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Resting place Grove Hill Memorial Park Dallas, Texas
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) (1) Pauline Allen Gill
(2) Rita Crocker Clements
Children 2, 4 stepchildren
Residence Dallas, Texas
Alma mater Southern Methodist University (dropped out)
Profession Oil driller
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service  United States Army United States Army Corps of Engineers
Years of service 1941–1945
Battles/wars World War II
(1) In 1979, Clements became Texas's first Republican governor in 105 years. (2) Clements was an early contributor to the 2008 candidacy of Republican presidential candidate U.S. Senator John McCain of Arizona.

William Perry "Bill" Clements, Jr. (April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011) was the 42nd and 44th Governor of Texas, serving from 1979 to 1983 and 1987 to 1991. Clements was the first Republican to have served as governor of the U.S. state of Texas since Reconstruction. Clements' eight years in office were the most served by any Texan governor prior to former Governor Rick Perry.

Early career

Clements was born in Dallas and worked as an oil driller for many years. He studied at Southern Methodist University (SMU) but did not finish a degree. He founded SEDCO in 1947, which became the world's largest offshore drilling company. He entered politics as the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. From 1975-1977 he worked under Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld.

In 1975, he married political organizer Rita Crocker Clements.

Governor

On January 16, 1979, Clements replaced Democrat Dolph Briscoe as governor of Texas. He defeated State Representative Ray Hutchison in the Republican primary by a vote of 115,345 to 38,268. Clements won the November 1978 general election defeating Democrat John Hill. Hill had been the Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court and had been the Texas Attorney General for six years. Clements got 49.96% of the votes. With help from the votes of several minor candidates he narrowly won the election. Clements ran for reelection in 1982 but was defeated by Democratic Attorney General Mark White. People think that he lost votes because the economy was bad.

The 1986 return

After being defeated, Clements was chairman of the board of governors of SMU in Dallas. He ran again in 1986 and won a primary against U.S. Representative Thomas Loeffler of New Braunfels and former Democratic turned Republican Congressman Kent Hance of Lubbock. At the election Clements defeated Governor White getting 52.7% of the votes.

Clements as governor

His first term was marked by SEDCO's involvement in the then largest oil blowout in history, the Ixtoc I oil spill, which caused extensive environmental damage. Charlie Brooks, Jr., became the first prisoner to be executed by lethal injection (December 1982). Clements faced heavily Democratic state legislatures. In 1980, Clements changed the death penalty for Randall Dale Adams to life in prison. Adams was the subject of The Thin Blue Line, an Errol Morris documentary movie. Adams was found to be innocent in 1989 after serving twelve years in prison.

During his second term, Clements worked to reduce crime, improve education, and boost the Texas economy. He tried to improve relations with Mexico, especially on immigration and the War on Drugs.

Post-political life

ClementsWilliamStateOfficeBuilding
William P. Clements State Office Building in Austin, Texas

After leaving the governorship, Clements worked hard to help Republican candidates seeking office in Texas. He lived in Dallas with his second wife, Rita Crocker. She was later appointed to the University of Texas Regents by Governor George W. Bush. Clements was known for his acerbic, energetic personality, which Democrats hated but Republicans loved. In 1993, he unsuccessfully supported the conservative Congressman Joe Barton in a special election for the U.S. Senate.

ClementsSugarLandTX.
Clements High School

In 2006, Clements raised money for U.S. Senator John McCain to run for President.

In June 2009, Clements donated $100 million to UT Southwestern Medical Center, the largest civic donation in Dallas history. A high school in Sugar Land, Texas and a state office building in Austin, Texas are named in honor of Clements.

Death

On Memorial Day weekend in 2011, Clements died at age 94 in a Dallas hospital from natural causes.

  • Bridges, Kenneth William. "The Twilight of the Texas Democrats: The 1978 Governor's Race," Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Texas, 2003, 281 pages; AAT 3117260 in Proquest

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