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Bluff City, Tennessee
Location of Bluff City in Sullivan County, Tennessee.
Location of Bluff City in Sullivan County, Tennessee.
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Sullivan
Area
 • Total 1.85 sq mi (4.80 km2)
 • Land 1.75 sq mi (4.53 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)
Elevation
1,450 ft (442 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,733
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,670
 • Density 955.92/sq mi (369.05/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
37618
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-06960
GNIS feature ID 1305320

Bluff City is a city in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 1,733 at the 2010 census. It is part of the KingsportBristol (TN)Bristol (VA) Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

History

Bluff City underwent several name changes before incorporating on July 1, 1887 under its present name. The town was originally known as Choate’s Ford, and later took the name Middletown. After the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad was built, crossing the Holston River at the town site, the name Union was adopted. During the Civil War it was called Zollicoffer after Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer, but became Union again at the end of the war and until 1887.

Geography

Bluff City is located at 36°27′48″N 82°16′30″W / 36.46333°N 82.27500°W / 36.46333; -82.27500 (36.463352, -82.275049).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (3.21%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 410
1890 662 61.5%
1900 548 −17.2%
1910 540 −1.5%
1920 524 −3.0%
1930 671 28.1%
1940 700 4.3%
1950 1,074 53.4%
1960 948 −11.7%
1970 985 3.9%
1980 1,121 13.8%
1990 1,390 24.0%
2000 1,559 12.2%
2010 1,733 11.2%
Est. 2019 1,670 −3.6%
Sources:

2020 census

Bluff City racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,655 90.83%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 20 1.1%
Native American 4 0.22%
Asian 21 1.15%
Other/Mixed 95 5.21%
Hispanic or Latino 27 1.48%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,822 people, 842 households, and 541 families residing in the city.

Climate

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bluff City has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.

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