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Bokoshe, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Bokoshe, Oklahoma
Location of Bokoshe, Oklahoma
Location of Bokoshe, Oklahoma
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Le Flore
Area
 • Total 0.55 sq mi (1.41 km2)
 • Land 0.55 sq mi (1.41 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
515 ft (157 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 512
 • Estimate 
(2019)
497
 • Density 910.26/sq mi (351.48/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74930
Area codes 539/918
FIPS code 40-07450
GNIS feature ID 1090373

Bokoshe ( bə-KOH-shə) is a town in Le Flore County, Oklahoma, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma metropolitan statistical area. Bokoshe is a Choctaw word meaning "little creek". The population was 512 at the 2010 census, a 13.8% gain over the figure of 450 recorded in 2000.

History

Main street. Bokoshe, Le Flore County, Oklahoma. - NARA - 540661
Main Street in Bokoshe (1946)

Bokoshe was a Choctaw settlement in 1886, when a post office was established here with William A. Sanner serving as the first Postmaster. The principal business was a coal mine that employed ten miners. By 1900, the population was 153. The Ft. Smith and Western Railroad built tracks in 1901 to this area to ship the coal elsewhere. The Midland Valley Railroad built its own line in 1903 - 1904. The town moved south from its initial location to the intersection of the two railroads. Two other coal mines soon opened nearby, and the population grew to 483 by 1910. By 1920, the census reported a population of 869.

Bokoshe's mines fared better during the Great Depression than those elsewhere in the state. By 1930, the population had declined to 690, and continued dropping to 431 in 1960. The coal industry recovered and the town's population rebounded to 588 in 1970, then fell again to 403 in 1990. The population was 450 in 2000 and 512 in 2010.

In 2013, the residents of Bokoshe filed a class-action lawsuit against 50 companies after millions of gallons of fracking wastewater had been discharged in the town.

Geography

Bokoshe is located at 35°11′17″N 94°47′26″W / 35.18806°N 94.79056°W / 35.18806; -94.79056 (35.188150, -94.790519).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 153
1910 483 215.7%
1920 869 79.9%
1930 715 −17.7%
1940 690 −3.5%
1950 589 −14.6%
1960 431 −26.8%
1970 588 36.4%
1980 556 −5.4%
1990 403 −27.5%
2000 450 11.7%
2010 512 13.8%
2019 (est.) 497 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 450 people, 174 households, and 121 families resided in the town. The population density was 844.4 people per square mile (327.8/km2). The 218 housing units' average density was 409.1 per square mile (158.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 74.00% White, 0.22% African American, 20.67% Native American, and 5.11% from two or more races. Latinos of any race were 0.22% of the population.

Of 174 households, 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were not families. Around 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town, the population was distributed as 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,250, and for a family was $29,375. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $17,813 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,100. About 18.2% of families and 27.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.2% of those under age 18 and 18.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • George "Rube" Foster (1888–1976), American League baseball pitcher, retired to Bokoshe.
  • William R. Shockley (1918–1945), awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, was born in Bokoshe.
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