Broadway, Sydney facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Broadway
New South Wales
View down street with cars and trams
George Street West (Broadway), ca. 1930 taken from the heights of the Grace Bros. building
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Script error: No such module "Mapframe".)
General information
Type Street
Length 700 m (0.4 mi)
Route number(s) A22
Major junctions
West end Parramatta Road (A22), Glebe/ City Road (A36), Glebe
East end George Street, Ultimo
Location(s)
LGA(s) City of Sydney
Major suburbs Chippendale, Ultimo
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National Highway • Freeways in Australia
Highways in New South Wales

Broadway is a 700-metre (2,300 ft) road in inner city Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The road constitutes the border between the suburbs of Ultimo (to the north) and Chippendale (to the south). Broadway is also an urban locality.

Broadway connects the south end of George Street where it terminates at the junction with Harris and Regent streets, and runs west to the junction of Parramatta Road and City Road at Victoria Park. Broadway and Parramatta Road are part of the Great Western Highway.

History

Broadway is historically important because it is one of the first roads built in the colony of New South Wales, in 1794. It had been called "George Street South" and then "George Street West". After being widened in 1906 when the Central Railway Station was built, George Street west of Railway Square, it became known as "The Broadway". This name was subsequently shortened to just "Broadway".

In the early nineteenth century, travel to Parramatta on Parramatta Rd attracted a toll and this was charged from the area now known as Railway Square. The toll gate was subsequently moved to the approximate junction of the present Broadway and Parramatta Rd.

St Benedict's Church on Parramatta Road (now incorporated into the University of Notre Dame campus) is the oldest consecrated Catholic Church in Australia. It was the parish church of Norman Gilroy, the first Australian to become a cardinal.

Broadway was once a major retailing centre, and for 90 years was home to the flagship complex of department store chain Grace Brothers. The complex consisted of two stores on either side of Bay Street. It was visited by Queen Elizabeth II during her 1954 visit to Australia. Retailing on Broadway declined and the store was eventually closed in 1995. Today this site contains the Broadway Shopping Centre on the western side and the Hotel UniLodge Sydney on the eastern side.

The southern side of the road was dominated by the Fosters Group brewery. The facility closed in December 2006 and the site was acquired on 29 June 2007. The site has been redeveloped into a mixed use precinct called Central Park, which includes a new public park located just off Broadway of approximately 6,500 square metres (70,000 sq ft) in size, and a new tower called One Central Park designed by Jean Nouvel and featuring "vertical gardens" by Patrick Blanc. Located opposite the University of Technology Sydney, One Central Park is an apartment complex with a shopping centre called Central located on the lower levels.

Transport

Broadway was a busy tram thoroughfare in the first half of the 20th century, until the line's closure in 1958. Since then it has been the primary entry point into the Central Business District for bus services from the Inner Western suburbs.

Other buildings


Broadway, Sydney Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.