Chippendale, New South Wales facts for kids
Sydney, New South Wales
St Benedicts Church and University of Notre Dame
|• Density:||5808.6/km² (15,044.2/sq mi)|
|Area:||0.7 km² (0.3 sq mi)|
|Location:||2 km (1 mi) south of CBD|
|LGA:||City of Sydney|
Chippendale is a small inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on the southern edge of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Chippendale is located between Broadway to the north and Cleveland Street to the south, Sydney Central railway station to the east and the University of Sydney to the west.
The area was first occupied by the Gadigal people of the Dharug Nation. William Chippendale was granted a 95-acre (38 ha) estate in 1819. It stretched to the present day site of Redfern railway station. Chippendale sold the estate to Solomon Levey, emancipist and merchant, in 1821, for 380 pounds. Solomon Levey died while in London, in 1833. Levey's heirs sold over 62 acres (25 ha) to William Hutchinson.
Central Park, Sydney
Chippendale is the location of the 168-year-old Carlton & United brewery which closed in December 2006. In 2007, Frasers Property Australia purchased the brewery site from the Foster’s Group and lodged a modified concept plan for the 5.8 Hectare site. Central Park, Sydney is the major renewal project in the area. The development proposal included approximately 255,000 m2 of commercial and residential space, retention of a number of heritage buildings and the development of a large new park for Chippendale, called Chippendale Green. Balfour Street Park, at the corner of Balfour and O’Connor Streets, acts as a pedestrian gateway to Central Park. One Central Park is a large mixed-use residential building on the site.
According to the 2011 census, there were 4,057 residents in Chippendale. 38.3% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China 10.6%, England 3.8%, New Zealand 3.3%, Indonesia 2.6% and India 2.5%. In Chippendale 50.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 10.5%, Cantonese 3.0%, Indonesian 2.2%, Thai 2.2% and Vietnamese 2.1%. The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" 41%, followed by Catholic 14%, and Buddhism 8%. Chippendale has a higher than average crime rate, compared with the rest of NSW.
- William Chippendale, Sydney land owner and farmer whose surname the suburb's name is derived from
- David Malouf, writer
- Michael Mobbs, author of Sustainable House
The western side of Chippendale is mainly residential with businesses intercepted in some parts of the precinct. Notably, Chippendale has the lowest open space per person of any Sydney suburb (City of Sydney open space study, 2006). The addition of Chippendale Green has provided much needed green space, however given the corresponding population increase from the redevelopment of the former CUB site (now Central Park), Chippendale now has less than 1 square metre of green space per resident.
Urban heat island problem
Chippendale is currently a suburb under study, examining the problems of the urban heat island effect. The bitumen-surfaced roads surrounding infrastructures, are reportedly driving temperatures 6–8 °C (11–14 °F) higher than normal. The road network, which constitute over 23 percent of the suburb's land area, measured over 34 °C (93 °F) on average.
- Shirley Fitzgerald. CHIPPENDALE - Beneath The Factory Wall. Published by Halstead Press, Australia. 2008. (ISBN 9781920831486).
Chippendale, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.