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Caleb S. Blanchard
Member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
from the Walworth 3rd district
In office
January 5, 1880 – January 3, 1881
Preceded by Edwin Coe
Succeeded by Lindsey J. Smith
Personal details
Born Victory, Cayuga County, New York, U.S.
Died November 10, 1893(1893-11-10) (aged 75)
Dane County, Wisconsin, U.S.
Resting place Mazomanie Cemetery, Mazomanie, Wisconsin
Political party Republican
  • Susan G. Ames
    (m. 1852⁠–⁠1860)
  • Jennette D. Park
    (m. 1861⁠–⁠1893)
  • Charles W. Blanchard
  • (b. 1864; died 1943)
  • Frank P. Blanchard
  • (b. 1866; died 1923)
  • Estella J. (Trimble)
  • (b. 1868; died 1962)
  • Albert C. Blanchard
  • (b. 1873; died 1909)
Education Pittsfield Medical College
Profession physician
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Volunteers
Union Army
Years of service 1862–1863
Rank 1st Assistant Surgeon
Unit 22nd Reg. Wis. Vol. Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Caleb Slye Blanchard (May 8, 1818 – November 10, 1893) was an American physician and politician. He served one term in the Wisconsin State Assembly, representing northeast Walworth County, and served as a surgeon for the Union Army during the American Civil War.


Blanchard was born on May 8, 1818, in Victory, Cayuga County, New York. He attended the Victor Academy there, then, at age 19, apprenticed as a physician with his older brother Orin W. Blanchard. After three years, he entered the Pittsfield Medical College, in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, to finish his education.

In 1843, he moved to Racine, in the Wisconsin Territory, and established his own medical practice. After a bout of poor health, he left Racine in December 1848 and moved to East Troy, in neighboring Walworth County, Wisconsin. He continued to practice here until his service in the American Civil War.

In 1862, he volunteered for service in with the 22nd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, which was composed of mostly companies from Racine and Walworth counties. He was enrolled as 1st assistant surgeon and accompanied the regiment for a year. He resigned in July 1863 due to disability.

After the war, he resumed his work in East Troy for another 30 years. Around 1890 he moved west to Mazomanie, Wisconsin, in Dane County, where he died in 1893.

Political career

Blanchard was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1879 on the Republican ticket. He was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1880—he was defeated by the independent republican candidacy of Lindsey J. Smith. Additionally, he was a member of the East Troy Board of Supervisors and justice of the peace.

Personal life and family

Blanchard's father, Willard Blanchard, served as a captain in the New York Militia during the War of 1812. Caleb Blanchard was one of seven children born to Willard Blanchard and his wife Sallie (née Platt). Two of his brothers also became medical doctors. His brother Orin also moved to the Wisconsin Territory in 1843—he also served as chief surgeon for the 40th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment in the war. Orin's son Charles served as a private in the 22nd Wisconsin Infantry with Caleb Blanchard, and served as hospital steward in the 40th Wisconsin Infantry with his father.

On June 14, 1852, Caleb Blanchard married Susan G. Ames. She died on January 19, 1860. Blanchard later married Jennette D. Park on July 27, 1861. Jennette was a school teacher and principal in East Troy. Caleb and Jennette had four children. Two of their sons, Charles and Albert, also went on to become medical doctors.

Electoral history

Wisconsin Assembly, Walworth 3rd District Election, 1879
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
General Election, November 4, 1879
Republican Caleb S. Blanchard 1,049 79.95% +29.77%
Democratic John Matheson 204 15.55%
Greenback Daniel K. Sanford 59 4.50%
Plurality 845 64.41% +64.04%
Total votes 1,312 100.0% -20.68%
Republican hold
Wisconsin Assembly, Walworth 3rd District Election, 1880
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
General Election, November 2, 1880
Independent Republican Lindsey J. Smith 709 34.05%
Republican Caleb S. Blanchard (incumbent) 679 32.61% -47.34%
Democratic John Matheson 666 31.99% +16.44%
Greenback George C. Chaffee 28 1.34%
Plurality 30 1.44% -62.96%
Total votes 2,082 100.0% +58.69%
Republican hold
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