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Carl Adolph Agardh
Portrait of Carl Adolph Agardh
From the Swedish journal Svenska Familj-Journalen
Born (1785-01-23)23 January 1785
Died 28 January 1859(1859-01-28) (aged 74)
Karlstad, Sweden
Resting place Lund, Sweden
Alma mater Lund University
Known for Systema algarum
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (botany) C.Agardh
Signature of Carl Adolph Agardh

Carl Adolph Agardh was a Swedish botanist and bishop of Karlstad. He was known for his extensive work on algae.


Agardh was born on 23 January 1785 in Båstad, a town in Scania (Swedish: Skåne), Sweden. He began to study at Lund University in 1799.

In 1807, Agardh became a teacher of mathematics at Lund. In 1812, he was appointed professor of botany and rural economy. He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1817, and of the Swedish Academy in 1831.

Agardh became a Lutheran clergyman in 1816. He was a member of the Swedish Parliament on several occasions from 1817. He was rector magnificus of Lund University from 1819 to 1820. In 1835 he became the bishop of Karlstad, where he remained until his death. He died on 28 January 1859 in Karlstad.


Agardh devoted considerable attention to political economy. As "a leading liberal", he "succeeded in improving and raising the standards of education in Sweden". He wrote on theological and other subjects, but he is best known for his botanical works, especially Systema algarum, Species algarum rite cognitae, and Icones Algarum (1824, 1820–28, and 1828–35). He translated into German most of his Manual of Botany (2 vols., Malmoe, 1829–32)

Some of his works

  • Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae (Lund 1817)
  • Species algarum rite cognitae etc. (Greifsw. 1823-28, 2 Voll.)
  • Icones algarum europaearum (Leipz. 1828-35)
  • Systema algarum (Lund 1824)
  • Essai de réduire la physlologie végétale à des principes fondamentaux (Lund 1828)
  • Essai sur le développement intérieur des plantes (1829)
  • Lärobok i botanik (Malmö 1830-32, 2 Voll.)
  • Försök till en statsökonomisk statistik öfver Sverige (Stockh. 1852-63, 4 Voll.)


Agardh was the father of Jacob Georg Agardh, also a botanist.

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