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Carl Michael Bellman
Carl Michael Bellman, portrayed by Per Krafft 1779.jpg
Bellman playing the cittern,
in a portrait by Per Krafft, 1779
Born 4 February 1740
Stockholm, Sweden
Died 11 February 1795(1795-02-11) (aged 55)
Stockholm, Sweden
Nationality Swedish
Known for Poetry, song
Notable work
Fredman's epistles
Fredman's songs
Patron(s) King Gustav III
Carl Michael Bellmans namnteckning
Bellman's signature

Carl Michael Bellman ( 4 February 1740 – 11 February 1795) was a Swedish songwriter, composer, musician, poet and entertainer. He is a central figure in the Swedish song tradition and remains a powerful influence in Swedish music, as well as in Scandinavian literature, to this day.

Bellman is best known for two collections of poems set to music, Fredman's songs (Fredmans sånger) and Fredman's epistles (Fredmans epistlar). Each consists of about 70 songs. The general theme is drinking, but the songs "most ingeniously" combine words and music to express feelings and moods ranging from humorous to elegiac, romantic to satirical.

Bellman's patrons included King Gustav III of Sweden, who called him a master improviser. Bellman's songs continue to be performed and recorded by musicians from Scandinavia and in other languages, including English, French, German, Italian and Russian. Several of his songs including Gubben Noak and Fjäriln vingad are known by heart by many Swedes. His legacy further includes a museum in Stockholm and a society that fosters interest in him and his work.

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