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Castana, Iowa
Castana, IA.jpg
Location of Castana, Iowa
Location of Castana, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833Coordinates: 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Monona
Area
 • Total 0.93 sq mi (2.40 km2)
 • Land 0.93 sq mi (2.40 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,148 ft (350 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 107
 • Density 115.05/sq mi (44.58/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
51010
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-11530
GNIS feature ID 0455207
Website City website

Castana is a city in Monona County, Iowa, United States. The population was 107 at the time of the 2020 census.

History

A post office has been in operation at Castana since 1865. Castana was platted in 1886 by the railroad. The name Castana was selected by an early settler who believed it to be a Latin word meaning "chestnuts".

Geography

Castana, Iowa aerial 01A
Aerial photograph of Castana, Iowa, 2012

Castana is located at 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833 (42.072518, -95.908266).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.93 square miles (2.41 km2), all of it land. The city is a distance of 10 miles (16 km) from Onawa and 39 miles (63 km) miles from Sioux City.

Academic research

The Western Iowa Experimental farm, a part of Iowa State University, is located just outside Castana. Here research is carried out in beef cattle, swine, forage and the effects of fertiliser on soya beans and corn.

Demographics

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 355 —    
1910 364 +2.5%
1920 389 +6.9%
1930 334 −14.1%
1940 336 +0.6%
1950 265 −21.1%
1960 230 −13.2%
1970 211 −8.3%
1980 228 +8.1%
1990 159 −30.3%
2000 178 +11.9%
2010 147 −17.4%
2020 107 −27.2%
Source: and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census
CastanaIowaPopPlot
The population of Castana, Iowa from US census data

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 147 people, 68 households, and 37 families residing in the city. The population density was 158.1 inhabitants per square mile (61.0/km2). There were 78 housing units at an average density of 83.9 per square mile (32.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 68 households, of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.6% were non-families. 42.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.7% were from 25 to 44; 33.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.7% male and 46.3% female.

Notable natives

  • Richard D. Kisling

Education

Castana is within the Maple Valley–Anthon–Oto Community School District.

The community was originally a part of the Castana Consolidated Independent School District. The lower level of a building constructed in 1888 was the first classroom area. In 1897 a permanent $12,000, three story Castana Normal School building opened. An addition was completed in Summer 1911. The school district acquired a teacher's residence hall in 1920; that building also housed classes for several grades.

In 1935 and 1936 the Castana Consolidated School, the final school building in Castana, was built by the Sioux City company Beuttler & Arnold, funded by a $36,818 Public Works Administration grant and a $45,000 bond. It opened for classes on September 7, 1936. In November of that year the school district sold the previous school to the city government for $1,000, and the building was razed. The 1935–1936 school was renamed the Castana Community School in 1954.

The district began sending high school students to the Maple Valley Community School District in Mapleton and to Onawa in fall 1962. Castana joined the Maple Valley district along with Danbury in 1968. The merged district did not use the teacher's residence and sold it in 1970. On July 1, 2012, the Maple Valley district consolidated with the Anthon–Oto Community School District to form the new Maple Valley–Anthon–Oto district.

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