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Caulfield, Victoria facts for kids

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MonashUni-Caulfield-H building.jpg
'H' building at Monash University's Caulfield campus
Caulfield is located in Melbourne
Location in Melbourne
Population 5,595 (2016 census)
 • Density 3,730/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3162
Area 1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Location 12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Glen Eira
State electorate(s) Caulfield
Federal Division(s) Macnamara
Suburbs around Caulfield:
Caulfield North Caulfield North Caulfield East
Elsternwick Caulfield Caulfield East
Elsternwick Caulfield South Glen Huntly

Caulfield is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Glen Eira.

It is bounded by Kooyong Road in the west, Glen Eira Road in the north, Glen Huntly Road in the south and Booran Road in the east.

Caulfield is best known as the location of Caulfield Racecourse and the Caulfield campus of Monash University.



The origin of the name of Caulfield is not known for certain, but the name seemed to be linked with Baron Caulfield of Ireland, perhaps through John Caulfield, a pioneer of the colony. The name Caulfield was in use by 1853, and the early maps always place it somewhere around the racecourse.

Pre-European history

The local Yalukit people were coastal and dependent on seafoods, so few Aboriginal relics have been found in Caulfield. Nevertheless, some contact did occur in the area between Aborigines and European settlers. Murrum Murrumbean was a local native from whom the placename Murrumbeena derives. Frederick Chapman (later Justice of the New Zealand Supreme Court) was able to recollect a corroboree which took place in Hotham Street, involving hundreds of Gippsland Aborigines.


In the mid nineteenth century, the Caulfield area was swampy, low-lying ground. It served as watering and pasture land for the pastoralists driving stock from Gippsland to Melbourne. In the 1840s, several distinct communities had arisen throughout the area. Owensville was located around the western end of Glen Eira Road. Alma Road Village was another middle class area further north. Camden Town was a working class area at the junction of Glen Huntly and Hawthorn Roads. Meanwhile, the area south of Paddy's Swamp (now Caulfield Park) developed into the main commercial area of Caulfield. Initially the Black Chapel at that point served as the area's first church. This building was soon converted to Boxill's general store. The whole area was proclaimed the Caulfield Road District in 1857. It served as a location for several grand mansions for wealthy Melbourne citizens over the following decades. Caulfield Post Office opened on 1 January 1863 and closed in 1974. Caulfield Junction Post Office opened in 1923 and remains open.

Parks and open space

Caulfield Park, which is nearby in Caulfield North, is a large Victorian garden flanked by Hawthorn, Balaclava and Inkerman Roads, which features a war memorial, a decorative lake and playing fields for various sports.


Caulfield train Station entrance

The principal north–south roads that serve the suburb are Kooyong Road, Hawthorn Road, Bambra Road, Kambrook Road, and Booran Road. The major east–west roads are Glen Eira Road, Neerim Road, and Glen Huntly Road.

Two tram routes serve the suburb;

  • Route 64 – Melbourne University to East Brighton; travels along Hawthorn Road
  • Route 67 – Melbourne University to Carnegie; travels along Glen Huntly Road

Three bus routes serve the suburb;

  • 605 – Flagstaff station to Gardenvale; travels along Kooyong Road
  • 623 – Glen Waverley station to St Kilda; travels along Neerim Road, Booran Road, and Glen Eira Road
  • 624 – Kew to Oakleigh station; travels along Booran Road

No railway lines serve the suburb, with the closest stations being on the Cranbourne, Frankston, Pakenham, and Sandringham lines.

Stations in the neighbouring suburbs of Caulfield East, Elsternwick, and Glen Huntly;

  • Caulfield station; in Caulfield East, on the Cranbourne, Frankston, and Pakenham lines
  • Elsternwick station; in Elsternwick, on the Sandringham line
  • Glenhuntly station; in Glen Huntly, on the Frankston line


The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League.

Notable residents

  • Warwick Armstrong, Australian cricket captain, grew up next to Caulfield Park
  • Clarrie Grimmett, Australian cricketer
  • Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer, moved to South Caulfield from Elsternwick
  • Graham Kennedy, TV personality
  • Deborah Conway, musicians
  • Violet Mount, operatic soprano
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