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Cercophonius squama
Cercophonius squama.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Subphylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Bothriuridae
Genus:
Cercophonius
Species:
C. squama
Binomial name
Cercophonius squama
(Gervais, 1844)

Cercophonius squama, commonly known as the forest scorpion or wood scorpion, is a scorpion native to southeastern Australia. It is typically around 25–40 mm (0.98–1.57 in) long. Its colour consists of different shades of brown.

Description

The body is creamy yellow to orange brown with dark brown variegations. The legs are yellow with some dark brown pigment.

Distribution and habitat

Cercophonius squama as seen near the ACT
An Cercophonius Squama as seen in situ near the Australian Capital Territory.

C. squama is found in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, the ACT and Tasmania. It is the only scorpion found in Tasmania.

Behaviour

Slightly defensive

Breeding

Insemination occurs before winter and birth typically occurs during summer. Females give birth to 20-30 live young over a period of several hours. The young are white and soft-bodied at birth. Females have been observed selectively eating some of the young but the trigger is not known. It takes approximately two weeks for the exoskeleton to completely form for newborns.

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