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Challis, Idaho facts for kids

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Challis, Idaho
Main Street in Challis, May 2007
Main Street in Challis, May 2007
Location of Challis in Custer County, Idaho.
Location of Challis in Custer County, Idaho.
Challis, Idaho is located in Idaho
Challis, Idaho
Challis, Idaho
Location in Idaho
Challis, Idaho is located in the United States
Challis, Idaho
Challis, Idaho
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Idaho
County Custer
Area
 • Total 1.94 sq mi (5.04 km2)
 • Land 1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
5,253 ft (1,601 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,081
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,091
 • Density 568.53/sq mi (219.47/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
83226
Area code(s) 208 Exchange: 879
FIPS code 16-13780
GNIS feature ID 0397543

Challis is the largest city in Custer County, Idaho, United States. It is the county seat and its population was 1,081 at the 2010 census. The 2020 census shows 902 residents, a 16.6% drop.https://lmi.idaho.gov/census

History

Challis was founded in 1878 and named for A.P. Challis, who was a surveyor when the townsite was laid out. Challis post office was established in 1878.

Highways

The Salmon River Scenic Byway uses both highways, from Stanley to Salmon. The junction with Highway 75 is south of Challis.

1983 earthquake

On Friday, October 28, 1983, the Borah Peak earthquake occurred at 8:06 am MDT. The shock measured 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The Challis-Mackay region experienced rather thorough damage, with 11 commercial buildings and 39 homes with major damage; while another 200 houses were damaged, minor to moderately. Mackay in particular, about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Challis, experienced the most severe damage. Most of the city's large buildings on its Main Street were damaged, to some extent; eight of these buildings were deemed condemned and closed down. Most of these buildings were built from materials such as brick, concrete block, and stone, each varying. The two fatalities of the earthquake were in Challis; a store front fell on two children walking to school.

Geography and climate

Challis is located at 44°30′15″N 114°13′42″W / 44.50417°N 114.22833°W / 44.50417; -114.22833 (44.504260, -114.228279), at an elevation of 5,253 feet (1,601 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.88 square miles (4.87 km2), of which, 1.85 square miles (4.79 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.

Challis experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with cold winters, hot summers, and low precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for Challis (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 31.4
(−0.3)
38.8
(3.8)
49.0
(9.4)
58.7
(14.8)
67.4
(19.7)
76.8
(24.9)
85.3
(29.6)
84.0
(28.9)
74.3
(23.5)
61.2
(16.2)
42.7
(5.9)
31.6
(−0.2)
58.4
(14.7)
Average low °F (°C) 12.4
(−10.9)
17.6
(−8.0)
25.8
(−3.4)
32.0
(0.0)
39.4
(4.1)
46.2
(7.9)
51.8
(11.0)
50.1
(10.1)
41.4
(5.2)
32.7
(0.4)
22.9
(−5.1)
12.7
(−10.7)
32.1
(0.1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.51
(13)
0.35
(8.9)
0.58
(15)
0.58
(15)
1.12
(28)
0.99
(25)
0.78
(20)
0.65
(17)
0.64
(16)
0.43
(11)
0.56
(14)
0.53
(13)
7.72
(195.9)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 614
1890 356 −42.0%
1910 338
1920 484 43.2%
1930 418 −13.6%
1940 620 48.3%
1950 728 17.4%
1960 732 0.5%
1970 784 7.1%
1980 758 −3.3%
1990 1,073 41.6%
2000 909 −15.3%
2010 1,081 18.9%
2019 (est.) 1,091 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 1,081 people, 502 households, and 277 families living in the city. The population density was 584.3 inhabitants per square mile (225.6/km2). There were 598 housing units at an average density of 323.2 per square mile (124.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 3.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2%.

Of the 502 households 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.8% were non-families. 39.0% of households were one person and 15.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age was 42 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 17.2% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 55.0% male and 45.0% female.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Challis (Idaho) para niños

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