kids encyclopedia robot

Salmon, Idaho facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Salmon, Idaho
Salmon ID - aerial.jpg
Motto(s): 
"The Birthplace of Sacajawea"
Location of Salmon in Lemhi County, Idaho.
Location of Salmon in Lemhi County, Idaho.
Country United States
State Idaho
County Lemhi
Area
 • Total 2.54 sq mi (6.59 km2)
 • Land 2.51 sq mi (6.49 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
3,944 ft (1,202 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,112
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,169
 • Density 1,264.06/sq mi (488.01/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
83467
Area code(s) 208 Exchange: 756
FIPS code 16-71650
GNIS feature ID 0398084

Salmon is a city in Lemhi County, Idaho. The population was 3,112 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Lemhi County.

Located in the Lemhi River valley, Salmon is home to the Sacajawea Interpretive, Cultural and Education Center, which focuses on Lemhi Shoshone culture, as well as the interaction between Sacagawea and other Shoshone and Lewis and Clark.

History

Salmon, ID Intersection
Salmon, ID Intersection

The Lewis and Clark Expedition crossed the continental divide at Lemhi Pass, 30 miles (48 km) to the southeast of Salmon. They followed the Salmon River through the present site of the city, then ascended the North Fork of the river, at the present day town named after the confluence, to cross into present-day Montana near Lost Trail Pass. The sole female in the party, Sacagawea, was born in the Lemhi Valley near Salmon. The Sacajawea Interpretive, Cultural and Educational Center was opened in Salmon in August 2003.

From 1910 to 1939, Salmon was the western terminus of the now-defunct Gilmore and Pittsburgh Railroad.

Geography

Salmon is located at 45°10′41″N 113°54′10″W / 45.17806°N 113.90278°W / 45.17806; -113.90278 (45.178110, -113.902660). The elevation is 3944 feet (1202 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.37 square miles (6.14 km2), of which, 2.33 square miles (6.03 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

The Salmon River passes through Salmon; white water rafters and other people interested in outdoor recreation have brought additional economic activity to Salmon. The Lemhi River flows into the Salmon River at Salmon.

Climate

Salmon experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, slightly wetter summers.

Climate data for Salmon KSRA (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 28.4
(-2)
37.0
(2.78)
49.7
(9.83)
59.9
(15.5)
69.1
(20.61)
77.9
(25.5)
87.3
(30.72)
85.5
(29.72)
74.9
(23.83)
60.3
(15.72)
40.7
(4.83)
29.2
(-1.56)
58.3
(14.61)
Average low °F (°C) 9.3
(-12.61)
15.2
(-9.33)
24.7
(-4.06)
31.8
(-0.11)
39.5
(4.17)
46.1
(7.83)
50.9
(10.5)
48.5
(9.17)
40.4
(4.67)
30.2
(-1)
21.0
(-6.11)
11.4
(-11.44)
30.8
(-0.67)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.68
(17.3)
0.49
(12.4)
0.54
(13.7)
0.79
(20.1)
1.42
(36.1)
1.42
(36.1)
1.03
(26.2)
0.82
(20.8)
0.77
(19.6)
0.65
(16.5)
0.73
(18.5)
0.78
(19.8)
10.12
(257)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 186
1880 292 57.0%
1900 398
1910 1,434 260.3%
1920 1,311 −8.6%
1930 1,371 4.6%
1940 2,439 77.9%
1950 2,648 8.6%
1960 2,944 11.2%
1970 2,910 −1.2%
1980 3,308 13.7%
1990 2,941 −11.1%
2000 3,122 6.2%
2010 3,112 −0.3%
2019 (est.) 3,169 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 3,112 people, 1,420 households, and 807 families living in the city. The population density was 1,335.6 inhabitants per square mile (515.7/km2). There were 1,628 housing units at an average density of 698.7 per square mile (269.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.3% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6%.

Of the 1,420 households 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 37.9% of households were one person and 16.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age was 45.7 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 30% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

Education

Education in Salmon is provided by Salmon School District #291. and the Upper Carmen Public Charter School.

Notable people

  • J. D. Cannon, American actor, born in Salmon in 1922
  • Dick Randolph, the first Libertarian elected to a U.S. state legislature; born in Salmon in 1936
  • Sacagawea (also Sakakawea, Sacajawea; English pronunciation: /ˌsækədʒəˈwiːə/) (c. 1788 – December 20, 1812)
  • Elmer Keith, creator of the .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum, and .41 Magnum
  • J.D. Folsom, former Miami Dolphins linebacker

Images for kids

kids search engine
Salmon, Idaho Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.