Custer County, Idaho facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Custer County, Idaho
Seal of Custer County, Idaho
Map
Map of Idaho highlighting Custer County
Location in the state of Idaho
Map of the USA highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 8, 1881
Seat Challis
Largest City Challis
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,937 sq mi (12,787 km²)
4,921 sq mi (12,745 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

4,368
0.9/sq mi (0/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: www.co.custer.id.us
Named for: General Custer gold mine
Leatherman peak2 id
Leatherman Peak, 12,228 feet (3,727 m), second highest in Idaho, in the Lost River Range in eastern Custer County

Custer County is a rural mountain county located in the center of the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,368. The county seat is Challis. Established in 1881, the county was named for the General Custer Mine, where gold was discovered five years earlier. Custer County relies on ranching, mining, and tourism as its main resources.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,937 square miles (12,790 km2), of which 4,721 square miles (12,230 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (0.3%) is water. It is the third-largest county in Idaho by area.

The Lost River Range, the state's highest mountains, are located in eastern Custer County. The highest is Borah Peak, the highest natural point in Idaho at 12,662 feet (3,859 m). On the western border of the county is Idaho's famous Sawtooth Range; the tallest is Thompson Peak in Custer County, above picturesque Redfish Lake. Twenty miles (32 km) east are the White Cloud Mountains, the tallest of which is Castle Peak at 11,815 feet (3,601 m).

The Salmon River and Big Lost River flow through Custer County.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 93.svg US 93
  • [[Template:Infobox road/ID/link SH|Template:Infobox road/ID/abbrev SH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/ID/link SH|Template:Infobox road/ID/abbrev SH]]

National protected areas

  • Challis National Forest (part)
  • Sawtooth National Forest (part)
  • Sawtooth National Recreation Area (part)
    • Hemingway–Boulders Wilderness (part)
    • Jim McClure–Jerry Peak Wilderness
    • Sawtooth Wilderness (part)
    • White Clouds Wilderness

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 1,870
1900 2,049 9.6%
1910 3,001 46.5%
1920 3,550 18.3%
1930 3,162 −10.9%
1940 3,549 12.2%
1950 3,318 −6.5%
1960 2,996 −9.7%
1970 2,967 −1.0%
1980 3,385 14.1%
1990 4,133 22.1%
2000 4,342 5.1%
2010 4,368 0.6%
Est. 2015 4,087 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,342 people, 1,770 households, and 1,196 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.88 people per square mile (0.34/km²). There were 2,983 housing units at an average density of 0.60 per square mile (0.23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.28% White, 0.55% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 4.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.6% were of English, 17.0% German, 10.9% Irish and 9.9% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 1,770 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 29.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 104.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,174, and the median income for a family was $39,551. Males had a median income of $32,255 versus $21,463 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,783. About 10.70% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.70% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,368 people, 1,936 households, and 1,244 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.9 inhabitants per square mile (0.35/km2). There were 3,103 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.4% white, 0.6% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 34.3% were English, 25.6% were German, 19.5% were Irish, and 2.8% were American.

Of the 1,936 households, 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age was 48.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,910 and the median income for a family was $56,710. Males had a median income of $42,865 versus $27,317 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,625. About 10.1% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Grand view canyon1 id
Grand View Canyon (US-93)between Mackay and Challis
Grandview canyon2 id
Grand View Canyon (US-93)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Custer County, Idaho Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.