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Chataignier, Louisiana
Location of Chataignier in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Chataignier in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Evangeline
 • Total 0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)
 • Land 0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
59 ft (18 m)
 • Total 259
 • Density 412.42/sq mi (159.19/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 337
FIPS code 22-14450

Chataignier is a village in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 364 at the 2010 census.


Chataignier is located at 30°34′15″N 92°19′9″W / 30.57083°N 92.31917°W / 30.57083; -92.31917 (30.570834, -92.319089).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all land.


The name Chataignier is French and means "chinquapin," a small chestnut. Chinquapins (castenea punita) grew abundantly in the surrounding prairie until the chestnut blight wiped them out. They are now non-existent in the Chataignier community.

The community known as Chataignier had a beginning, but its age will never be determined. The age of a community is a nebulous thing, depending on whether one uses as point of inception the date of the arrival of the first settler, the establishment of the post office, the coming of the railroad, or any other such memorable happening. Resources for determining the historical origin of a community such as Chataignier are limited. For such information, one must rely on a few recorded instances coupled with the reliable knowledge of the elder members of the community.

Gleanings from old records indicate that Chataignier's first settler was Ursiana Manuel who came from Mexico via New Orleans about 1793 when Louisiana was a Spanish Colony and George Washington was serving as President of the new republic known as the United States of America. The descendents of Ursiana Manuel are still living on the original land grant obtained by him during the Spanish domination of Louisiana. Other early settlers mentioned are Jacques Fontenot, Louis Redan, General Garis de Flaugeac, Artemon Lafleur, and Valentine Savoy. Savoy, incidentally, was the first man to begin the manufacture of spinning wheels in this part of the country. He also operated a large plantation, a cotton gin and a saw mill.

The settlers of Chataignier have long enjoyed the benefits of religion (predominantly Catholic), education and postal service, in that order. The second oldest church in the Evangeline country was founded in Chataignier. Records show that it was first a mission of Opelousas beginning in 1856 but that in 1869 it was created as a separate parish called Our Lady of Mount Carmel. A church was built with Father Jean Baptiste Bre as its first pastor. In 1901 the then pastor Father A. L. Bacchioci moved to the new nearby village of Eunice, of which Chataignier became a mission at that time. The following year, in 1902, Chataignier became an established church and separate parish for the second time and has remained such to this day.

The Chataignier community's educational background dates back to the pre-Civil War year of 1858 when the first known school, the Onezine Lafleur School, was located in the upper Chataignier community. Although the name of the teacher prior to the Civil War is not known, it has been established that Dorsin Lafleur was appointed teacher for a short period of time during the war. The war itself eventually brought about the close of the school; however, in 1879, Mrs. P. H. Marueney was appointed to teach and the school reopened. At this time, French was the language used and taught in school. Progress continued and by 1887 Chataignier had one of the eight public schools in the parish.

The Chataignier post office was established on November 20, 1879 in what was known at that time as St. Landry Parish. In 1910 the very large area of St. Landry Parish was divided up to form several other parishes, one of which was Evangeline. Chataignier now occupies the southeastern part of that parish. The Village of Chataignier was incorporated in January, 1973 with a population of 375. Old historical spots have long disappeared and all that remains are parish lines, township lines, and section lines (all used in land surveys). The economy of the area is agriculturally based.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 431
1990 281 −34.8%
2000 383 36.3%
2010 364 −5.0%
2020 259 −28.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Chataignier racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 107 41.31%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 141 54.44%
Other/Mixed 5 1.93%
Hispanic or Latino 6 2.52%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 259 people, 142 households, and 71 families residing in the village.


Public schools in Evangeline Parish are operated by the Evangeline Parish School Board. Chataignier Elementary School is located in the village of Chataignier and serves students in grades pre-kindergarten through eight.

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