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Cheshire
Village
Cheshire, 2004
Cheshire, 2004
Location of Cheshire, Ohio
Location of Cheshire, Ohio
Location of Cheshire in Gallia County
Location of Cheshire in Gallia County
Coordinates: 38°56′44″N 82°6′43″W / 38.94556°N 82.11194°W / 38.94556; -82.11194Coordinates: 38°56′44″N 82°6′43″W / 38.94556°N 82.11194°W / 38.94556; -82.11194
Country United States
State Ohio
County Gallia
Township Cheshire
Area
 • Total 0.78 sq mi (2.03 km2)
 • Land 0.77 sq mi (2.00 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
568 ft (173 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 132
 • Estimate 
(2019)
128
 • Density 166.23/sq mi (64.16/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
45620
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-13932
GNIS feature ID 1039033

Cheshire is a village in Gallia County, Ohio, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 132 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Point Pleasant, WV–OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Cheshire, Ohio, was named for the county of Cheshire in England.

Town buyout by American Electric Power

By 2000, the village was plagued by toxic sulfurous gas clouds and acid rain from the nearby coal-fired Gavin Power Plant, as an unintended consequence of pollution-control technology. Residents hired lawyers requesting a buyout. The plant's owner, American Electric Power (AEP), thoroughly investigated the claims and found that no long term injuries/illnesses resulted from the cloud but decided it could use the land to expand plant property for future technologies. In 2002, AEP reached a settlement with residents that was effectively a $20 million buyout. Most of the 221 residents agreed to leave the town and absolve the company from future property or health claims, while some remain through either deals with the company or refusal to sell their property. The company announced plans to demolish the existing structures and construct a dock facility for coal barges, but has not yet begun work on constructing them.

In 2004, the remaining villagers of Cheshire and residents of the surrounding area took steps to expand the village limits by annexing properties within about a mile north and west of the previous village limits.

Geography

Cheshire is located at 38°56′44″N 82°06′43″W / 38.945520°N 82.111891°W / 38.945520; -82.111891.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.78 square miles (2.02 km2), of which 0.77 square miles (1.99 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 276
1960 369
1970 315 −14.6%
1980 297 −5.7%
1990 250 −15.8%
2000 221 −11.6%
2010 132 −40.3%
2019 (est.) 128 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 132 people, 67 households, and 36 families living in the village. The population density was 171.4 inhabitants per square mile (66.2/km2). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 98.7 per square mile (38.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.2% White, 0.8% African American, 2.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 67 households, of which 17.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 41.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.67.

The median age in the village was 52 years. 15.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.6% were from 25 to 44; 37.1% were from 45 to 64; and 24.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 53.0% male and 47.0% female.

Education

Public education in the village of Cheshire is provided by the Gallia County Local School District.

Notable people

  • Emma Rowena (Caldwell) Gatewood, known as "Grandma Gatewood", first woman to solo thru-hike the Appalachian Trail
  • Frank Cremeans, U.S. Representative from Ohio
  • Harvey V. Higley, businessman
  • Wendell Holmes (actor), American actor
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