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Gallia County, Ohio facts for kids

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Gallia County
Courthouse in Gallipolis
Courthouse in Gallipolis
Official seal of Gallia County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Gallia County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded March 25, 1803
Named for the Latin name for France
Seat Gallipolis
Largest village Gallipolis
Area
 • Total 471 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Land 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2)  1.0%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 29,220
 • Density 62.04/sq mi (23.953/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Gallia County (pronunciation: GAL-yuh) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,220. Its county seat is Gallipolis.

Named after the French people who originally settled there, its name “Gallia” is the Latin word for Gaul, the ancient region of Western Europe that included present day France.

Gallia County is part of the Point Pleasant, WV-OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Gallia County was formed on March 25, 1803 from portions of Adams and Washington counties. Gallia County was originally settled by the French who gave the county the Latin name for "France."

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 471 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 467 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Wayne National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 4,181
1820 7,098 69.8%
1830 9,733 37.1%
1840 13,444 38.1%
1850 17,063 26.9%
1860 22,043 29.2%
1870 25,545 15.9%
1880 28,124 10.1%
1890 27,005 −4.0%
1900 27,918 3.4%
1910 25,745 −7.8%
1920 23,311 −9.5%
1930 23,050 −1.1%
1940 24,930 8.2%
1950 24,910 −0.1%
1960 26,120 4.9%
1970 25,239 −3.4%
1980 30,098 19.3%
1990 30,954 2.8%
2000 31,069 0.4%
2010 30,934 −0.4%
2020 29,220 −5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,934 people, 12,062 households, and 8,264 families living in the county. The population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile (25.6/km2). There were 13,925 housing units at an average density of 29.8 per square mile (11.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% white, 2.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.6% were American, 15.9% were German, 15.6% were Irish, and 8.0% were English.

Of the 12,062 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 39.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,409 and the median income for a family was $46,470. Males had a median income of $39,301 versus $30,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,199. About 15.8% of families and 21.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Gallia County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Gallia County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Villages

Townships

  • Addison
  • Cheshire
  • Clay
  • Gallipolis
  • Green
  • Greenfield
  • Guyan
  • Harrison
  • Huntington
  • Morgan
  • Ohio
  • Perry
  • Raccoon
  • Springfield
  • Walnut

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

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