Gallipolis, Ohio facts for kids

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Gallipolis, Ohio
village
State Route 7 downtown
State Route 7 downtown
Nickname(s): City of the Gauls
Location of Gallipolis, Ohio
Location of Gallipolis, Ohio
Location of Gallipolis in Gallia County
Location of Gallipolis in Gallia County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Gallia
Township Gallipolis
Area
 • Total 3.83 sq mi (9.92 km2)
 • Land 3.60 sq mi (9.32 km2)
 • Water 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation 574 ft (175 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,641
 • Estimate (2014) 3,607
 • Density 1,011.4/sq mi (390.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45631
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-29204
GNIS feature ID 1077526
Website Village of Gallipolis website

Gallipolis (/ˌɡæləpəˈlis/ GAL-ə-pə-LEES) is a chartered village in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Gallia County. The municipality is located in Southeast Ohio on the Ohio River. The population was 3,641 at the 2010 census. When the population dropped below 5,000, Gallipolis became a village, but continues to operate under its existing city charter.

Gallipolis is the second-largest community in the Point Pleasant Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Gallia County, Ohio and Mason County, West Virginia.

History

Gallipolis was first settled in 1790 by "The French 500," a group of French aristocrats and merchants who were fleeing the French Revolution. They were led by Count Jean-Joseph de Barth, an Alsatian member of the French National Assembly.

The name Gallipolis, a construct of the French prefix "Galli-" and the Greek suffix "-polis", means "city of the French". A post office called Gallipolis has been in operation since 1794.

Geography

Gallipolis is located at (38.815222, -82.197550), along the Ohio River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.83 square miles (9.92 km2), of which 3.60 square miles (9.32 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water. Gallipolis is located in the unglaciated hills of southeastern Ohio.

Public lands

Gallipolis City Park is located centrally. Cassius M. Canaday Memorial Playground is in the city's east end. Sports facilities include Memorial Field and Cliffside Golf Club. There are also ball fields at the waterworks facility on Chestnut Street. Haskins Memorial Park is contiguous with the golf club. The Elizabeth L. Evans Waterfowl and Bird Sanctuary are adjacent to Memorial Field, which also features a skate park. The Texas Road Wildlife Area is located close by. The city owns and operates the Pine Street and Mound Hill Cemeteries. Mound Hill Park is adjacent to the cemetery.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,413
1850 1,686 19.3%
1860 3,418 102.7%
1870 3,711 8.6%
1880 4,400 18.6%
1890 4,498 2.2%
1900 5,432 20.8%
1910 5,560 2.4%
1920 6,670 20.0%
1930 7,106 6.5%
1940 7,833 10.2%
1950 7,871 0.5%
1960 8,775 11.5%
1970 7,490 −14.6%
1980 5,601 −25.2%
1990 4,831 −13.7%
2000 4,180 −13.5%
2010 3,641 −12.9%
Est. 2015 3,469 −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,641 people, 1,576 households, and 854 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,011.4 inhabitants per square mile (390.5/km2). There were 1,869 housing units at an average density of 519.2 per square mile (200.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 89.7% White, 5.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 1,576 households of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.8% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the village was 44.6 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.7% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,180 people, 1,847 households, and 1,004 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,156.2 people per square mile (445.8/km²). There were 2,056 housing units at an average density of 568.7 per square mile (219.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 90.57% White, 6.44% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 1,847 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.6% were non-families. 41.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the village, the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $25,846, and the median income for a family was $36,477. Males had a median income of $30,032 versus $22,473 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,728. About 13.6% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Gallipolis is served by the Gallia-Meigs Regional Airport. US-35 traverses the community, and provides a link to West Virginia across the Ohio River. State routes include OH-7, OH-141, OH-160, and OH-588.


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