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Chester, Orange County, New York facts for kids

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Chester, New York
Town hall
Town hall
Location in Orange County and the state of New York.
Location in Orange County and the state of New York.
Chester, New York is located in New York
Chester, New York
Chester, New York
Location in New York
Chester, New York is located in the United States
Chester, New York
Chester, New York
Location in the United States
Country United States
State New York
County Orange
Settled 1721
Established 1845
 • Type Town Council
 • Total 25.20 sq mi (65.27 km2)
 • Land 25.05 sq mi (64.88 km2)
 • Water 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
 • Total 11,981
 • Estimate 
 • Density 476.83/sq mi (184.10/km2)
FIPS code 36-071-15308

Chester is a town in Orange County, New York, United States. The population was 12,187 at the 2017 census estimates. Chester contains a village, also called Chester.

Chester is the birthplace of Philadelphia-style cream cheese.


The town was first settled in the 1700s by Europeans.

The economy of the early town was based on dairy products, particularly milk, which was brought on by the completion of the Erie Railroad, which ran through Chester, in 1841. After its completion, local farmer Phil Gregory would ship 240 quarts of milk to New York City, which earned the railroad $1.20 in freight charges; Gregory's business eventually grew to 300,000 quarts of milk a day, which in turn gave the Erie Railroad over $1000 in profit.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.2 square miles (65.4 km²), of which, 25.2 square miles (65.2 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2) of it (0.24%) is water.

Conjoined NY-17 and US-6 cross the north part of Chester. NY-94 crosses NY-17 south of Chester village.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,641
1860 1,849 12.7%
1870 2,113 14.3%
1880 2,229 5.5%
1890 2,112 −5.2%
1900 2,186 3.5%
1910 2,061 −5.7%
1920 1,803 −12.5%
1930 2,164 20.0%
1940 2,776 28.3%
1950 2,878 3.7%
1960 3,494 21.4%
1970 4,767 36.4%
1980 6,850 43.7%
1990 9,138 33.4%
2000 12,140 32.9%
2010 11,981 −1.3%
2020 12,646 5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2017, there were 12,140 people, 3,848 households, and 3,016 families residing in the town. The population density was 482.2 people per square mile (186.2/km2). There were 3,984 housing units at an average density of 158.3 per square mile (61.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 76.7% White, 9.8% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.14% of the population.

There were 3,782 households, out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $69,280, and the median income for a family was $75,222. Males had a median income of $53,528 versus $36,673 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,900. About 2.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in the Town of Chester

  • Camp Monroe – a multi denominational Jewish sleepaway summer camp founded in 1941 near the southern border with the Town of Monroe.
  • Chester – A village located on NY-94.
  • East Chester – A hamlet southeast of Chester village.
  • Greycourt – Now mostly vacant land, located east of Chester village, it was once a major railroad intersection and depot on the Erie Main Line.
  • Glenmere Lake – A reservoir at the west town line
  • Goose Pond Mountain State Park – A state park southeast of Chester village.
  • Lake Hill Farms– A subdivision of about 175 homes in the southwest corner of the town first developed in 1973.
  • Sugar Loaf – The oldest community in the town, predating Chester town by more than a century (1738). The hamlet is home to the famous harness racing horse Hambletonian 10.
  • Surrey Meadows – A late 1960s subdivision north of Chester village. The elementary school is located in this area.
  • Walton Park – A hamlet on the border of Chester and Monroe towns.


The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York operates area Roman Catholic schools. St. Columba School in Chester closed in 1991.

See also

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