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Chew Valley, Greater Manchester facts for kids

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Chew Valley Reservoir
Chew Valley from Blindstones Moss - geograph.org.uk - 2356.jpg
Location Greater Manchester
Coordinates 53°31′N 1°57′W / 53.51°N 1.95°W / 53.51; -1.95Coordinates: 53°31′N 1°57′W / 53.51°N 1.95°W / 53.51; -1.95
Type Reservoir
Primary inflows Chew Clough, Green Grain, Dry Clough, South Clough
Primary outflows Chew Brook
Basin countries United Kingdom

Chew Valley in Saddleworth, Greater Manchester, England, follows the course of Chew Brook on the western slopes of Black Chew Head to where it joins the River Tame at Greenfield, east of Manchester. Part of the higher fringes of the valley towards the peak of Black Chew Head lie across the boundary in Derbyshire. The eastern part of the valley including the reservoirs of Dovestone and Chew are within the north western extremity of the Peak District National Park.

Chew Reservoir was completed in 1912. At 1,600 feet (490 m) above sea level, it was the highest reservoir constructed in England. A tram-road was laid in Chew Valley to transport 42,318 cubic yards (32,354 m3) of clay to make an inner core for its dam to make it watertight. The tram and railway are gone but the route forms the Oldham Way long-distance footpath; reconstructed bridge hosts a sign with information, pictures, and a map.

In 1949, a BEA Douglas DC3 crashed into the hill at Wimberry Rocks killing 24 passengers and crew and leaving 8 survivors.

Chew Brook

The Chew Brook begins as a small stream on the western slopes of Black Chew Head 53°30′46″N 1°55′02″W / 53.5128°N 1.9172°W / 53.5128; -1.9172, a hill in the Saddleworth Moor and the highest point of Greater Manchester. Travelling westward down the slope it is joined by several other streams including the Black Chew Grain. After covering a distance of approximately 1 km through marshy moor land, the brook empties out into the Chew Reservoir 53°30′49″N 1°56′55″W / 53.5136°N 1.9487°W / 53.5136; -1.9487, which was built in 1912 and was the highest constructed reservoir in England (1600 ft/488m above sea level) at the time (the Cow Green rservoir, near Middleton in Teesdale in County Durham is the current holder, completed in 1971). Excerpts from a labourers description of working on the dam at Chew Valley is available in the book Navvyman by Dick Sullivan.

At the western end of the reservoir the brook emerges down a narrow and steep ravine, curving steadily to the northwest for 2.3 km before this time emptying into Dovestones Reservoir 53°31′34″N 1°58′27″W / 53.5262°N 1.9742°W / 53.5262; -1.9742. Exiting out of the western end of Dovestones, the brook - now a small river - meanders through the heart of Greenfield village. Chew Brook ends its journey a short distance below Greenfield railway station where it merges into the River Tame 53°32′06″N 2°00′43″W / 53.5351°N 2.0120°W / 53.5351; -2.0120.

Tributaries

  • Greenfield Brook (R)
    • Dove Stone Brook (L)
    • Near Deep Brook (R)
    • Far Deep Brook(R)
    • Craggy Brook (R)
    • Near Rough Brook (R)
    • Far Rough Brook (R)
    • Near Warmsey Brook (R)
    • Holme Brook (Rs)
      • Rimmon Pit Brook (R)
        • Little Brook (R)
        • Great Gruff (R)
        • Little Holme Brook (L)
    • Birchen Brook (Ls)
      • Little Birchen Brook (L)
      • Howels Head Brook (R)
        • North Grain (R)
  • Charnel Brook (R)
  • Dish Stones Brook (R)
  • Bower Brook (L)
  • Green Grain (L)
  • Black Chew Grain (R)
  • Bird Grain (R)
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