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Coat of arms of Alberta facts for kids

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The Arms of Alberta
Coat of arms of Alberta.svg
Versions
Shield of Alberta.svg
Shield
Coat of Arms of the Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta.svg
For use by the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Details
Armiger Elizabeth II in Right of Alberta
Adopted 1907, augmented 1980, 2008
Crest Upon a Helm with a Wreath Argent and Gules a Beaver couchant upholding on its back the Royal Crown both proper.
Escutcheon Azure, in front of a range of snow mountains proper a range of hills Vert, in base a wheat field surmounted by a prairie both also proper, on a chief Argent a St. George's cross.
Supporters On the dexter side a Lion Or armed and langued Gules and on the sinister side a Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) proper.
Compartment Compartment : Comprising a grassy mount with the Floral Emblem of the Said Province of Alberta, the Wild Rose (Rosa acicularis), growing therefrom proper.
Motto FORTIS ET LIBER
Strong and Free

The original coat of arms of Alberta was granted to Alberta by a Royal Warrant of King Edward VII on 30 May 1907. The shield is also featured on the flag of Alberta.

History

On 30 July 1980, Queen Elizabeth II augmented the armorial bearings by Royal Warrant with a crest, supporters, and a motto. The helmet under the crest was changed from a steel helmet to a gold royal helmet on January 15 2008.

Symbolism

The crest sits above the shield and consists of a royal helmet crowned with a red and silver wreath, on top of which sits a beaver, resting on top of which is St Edward's Crown. White and red are the official national colours of Canada, and the beaver is the official animal of Canada.
The shield represents the natural resources and beauty of the varied Alberta landscape: the Rocky Mountains and their foothills, the grass prairies, and the cultivated wheat fields. St George's Cross is an allusion to the arms of the Hudson's Bay Company, which once controlled what is now Alberta.
The compartment or base is a grassy mount with (wild roses), the official flower of Alberta.
The supporters sit on either side of the shield and consist of a golden lion on the left (representing power) and a pronghorn on the right (representing Alberta's natural resources). Neither of these is the official animal of Alberta (which is the bighorn sheep).
Fortis et Liber, meaning "strong and free", a phrase from the English lyrics of "O Canada".
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