Coate Water Country Park facts for kids
Coate Water is a country park situated 5 km (3.1 mi) to the southeast of central Swindon, England, near junction 15 of the M4. It takes its name from its main feature, a reservoir originally built to provide water for the Wilts & Berks Canal.
The reservoir formed a 70-acre (280,000 m2) lake, built in 1822 by diverting the River Cole. Its primary purpose was to provide water for the canal and it remained outside the borough of Swindon until the borough's expansion in 1928.
In 1914, with the canal abandoned, Coate became a pleasure park; changing rooms and a wooden diving board were added. In 1935 the wooden diving platform was replaced with a 33 ft (10 m) high concrete platform in an Art Deco style which has been praised by English Heritage and, although swimming in the lake has been prohibited since 1958, it was given Grade II listed protection in 2013. Now named Coate Water Country Park, the lake is both a leisure facility and a nature reserve.
The area has Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Romano-British and Medieval history that spans a period of 7000 years or more.
The oldest known ancient monuments at Coate are the undated stone circle and the Bronze Age burial mounds along Day House Lane. Further Middle Bronze Age cremations, a possible pond barrow, and two large ring ditches have been found on the opposite side of the small Day Brook valley. A large, regionally significant Mesolithic flint scatter, with some topologically late artifacts, is also present c.150m south west of Coate Stone Circle. Six stone circles were recorded in the 18th/19th and early 20th centuries, all in the Coate area, and possibly linked, at least in part, by avenues of large sarsen stones. The remains of one of the stone circles probably still lies at the bottom of the lake at Coate Water. Other relevant archaeology listed on the Sites and Monuments Records includes the Coate Mound, excavated with very little record in the earlier 20th c, which is spatially associated with the Mesolithic artifact scatter.
Other ancient finds and sites occur in the area south to Badbury Wick, and across the Day Brook valley, in later periods. This includes obscure Neolithic activity, Middle Bronze Age farming, a Mid-late Bronze Age enclosed settlement at Badbury Wick, unenclosed Middle Iron Age buildings, a small Roman settlement, and a deserted medieval village.
An area of 51.1 hectares of the lake and its margins has been notified as a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest, mainly for its breeding bird populations. Part of the site is also a local nature reserve.
Coate Water is a notable site for birds. The following rare-in-Wiltshire species have been recorded there:
- Bearded tit – a pair in October 1982
- Black-crowned night heron – adults in April 1978 and May 1990
- Black-throated diver – a non-breeding plumaged adult in February 1978
- Black Swan - one in February 2018
- Eurasian spoonbill – two adults in April 1978
- European shag – one in September 1993
- Grey phalarope – two juveniles in October 1987
- Little auk – one in January 1984
- Northern fulmar – one in June 1978
- Purple heron – a first-summer bird in May 1981
- Red-necked grebe – an adult in March/April 1995
- Red-throated diver – a juvenile in March 1979
- Ring-necked duck – a first-winter male in January 1998
- Rock pipit – one in March 1976
- Slavonian grebe – one in January 1982
- Barred warbler – one in September 1980
- Savi's warbler – one in May 1965
- Yellow-browed warbler – one in September 1988
Organisations based at the lake include Swindon Rowing Club and Coate Water Sailing Trust.
The North Wilts Model Engineering Society have a miniature railway, with about one mile of track of 5 in (127 mm) and 7 1⁄4 in (184 mm) gauge.
Author Richard Jefferies (1848–1887) was born at Coate village, a short distance northeast of Coate Water in Chiseldon parish; his home is now a museum. The "New Sea" in his Bevis books was based on Coate Water.
Coate Water Country Park Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.