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Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth facts for kids

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Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth
HMS Impregnable c 1900.jpg
HMS Impregnable, flagship of the Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth, circa 1900
Active 1743 - 1969
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Type Fleet
Garrison/HQ Mount Wise

The Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth was a senior commander of the Royal Navy for hundreds of years. Plymouth Command was a name given to the units, establishments, and staff operating under the admiral's command. Prior to 1914 the holder of the office was often referred to as Commander-in-Chief, Devonport. The Commanders-in-Chief were based in what is now Hamoaze House, Devonport, Plymouth from 1809 to 1934 and then at Admiralty House, Mount Wise, Devonport from 1934 until 1996.

History

Mount Wise from Mount Edgcumbe (0116)
Hamoaze House, formerly Admiralty House, on Mount Wise (centre)

The post dates back to around 1743. It extended along the South Coast from Exmouth in East Devon to Penzance in Cornwall. In 1941, during World War II, elements of Plymouth Command were transferred to Western Approaches Command which was established at Derby House in Liverpool. Meanwhile, Plymouth Command occupied a new combined Headquarters, known as the Maritime Headquarters, at Mount Wise. The post of Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth was merged with that of Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in 1969 to form Naval Home Command. Between 1952 and 1969 the Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth double-hatted as Plymouth Sub-Area Channel Command (PLYMCHAN) commander in NATO's Allied Command Channel.

After 1969, Admiralty House and the Maritime Headquarters became the home of the Flag Officer, Plymouth until that post was also disbanded in 1996. At around the same time the nearby RN Dockyard and barracks were reconstituted as HM Naval Base Devonport and placed under the command of a Commodore.

Commanders-in-Chief and Flag Officers

Commanders-in-Chief and Flag Officers have included:
Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth

  • 1761 - 1763 Vice-Admiral Philip Durell
  • Jan 1763 - Jun 1763 Vice-Admiral Lord Colville
  • 1763 - 1766 Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Pye
  • 1766 - 1771 Vice-Admiral Sir George Edgcumbe
  • 1771 - 1775 Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Spry
  • 1776 - 1778 Vice-Admiral John Amherst
  • 1778 - 1783 Vice Admiral Sir Molyneux Shuldham
  • 1783 - 1786 Vice Admiral Mark Milbanke
  • 1786 - 1790 Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Graves
  • 1790 - 1792 Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton
  • 1792 - 1793 Vice-Admiral Phillips Cosby
  • 1794 - 1796 Vice-Admiral Sir Richard King
  • 1796 - 1799 Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Onslow
  • 1799 - 1802 Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley
  • 1802 - 1803 Vice-Admiral Sir James Dacres
  • 1803 - 1804 Vice-Admiral Sir John Colpoys
  • 1804 - 1810 Vice-Admiral Sir William Young
  • 1810 - 1813 Admiral Sir Robert Calder
  • 1813 - 1815 Admiral Sir William Domett
  • 1815 - 1817 Admiral Sir John Duckworth
  • 1817 - 1821 Admiral Viscount Exmouth
  • 1821 - 1824 Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane
  • 1824 - 1827 Admiral Sir James Saumarez
  • 1827 - 1830 Admiral Lord Northesk
  • 1830 - 1833 Admiral Sir Manley Dixon
  • 1833 - 1836 Admiral Sir William Hargood
  • 1836 - 1839 Admiral Lord Amelius Beauclerk
  • 1839 - 1842 Admiral Sir Graham Moore
  • 1842 - 1845 Admiral Sir David Milne
  • 1845 - 1848 Admiral Sir John West
  • 1848 - 1851 Admiral Sir William Gage
  • 1851 - 1854 Admiral Sir John Ommanney
  • 1854 - 1857 Admiral Sir William Parker
  • 1857 - 1860 Vice-Admiral Sir Barrington Reynolds
  • Jun 1860 - Oct 1860 Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur Fanshawe
  • 1860 - 1863 Vice-Admiral Sir Houston Stewart
  • 1863 - 1866 Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Fremantle
  • 1866 - 1869 Admiral Sir William Martin
  • 1869 - 1872 Admiral Sir Henry Codrington
  • 1872 - 1875 Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Keppel
  • 1875 - 1878 Admiral Sir Thomas Symonds
  • 1878 - 1880 Admiral Sir Arthur Farquhar
  • 1880 - 1881 Admiral Sir Charles Elliot
  • 1881 - 1884 Admiral Sir William Stewart
  • 1884 - 1887 Admiral Sir Augustus Phillimore
  • 1887 - 1888 Admiral Lord John Hay
  • 1888 - 1890 Admiral Sir William Dowell
  • 1890 - 1893 Admiral The Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1893 - 1896 Admiral Sir Algernon Lyons
  • 1896 - 1899 Admiral Sir Edmund Fremantle
  • 1899 - 1900 Admiral Sir Henry Fairfax
  • 1900 - 1902 Vice-Admiral Lord Charles Montagu Douglas Scott
  • 1902 - 1908 Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Beaumont
  • 1908 - 1911 Vice-Admiral Sir Wilmot Fawkes
  • 1911 - 1913 Vice-Admiral Sir William May
  • 1913 - 1916 Vice-Admiral Sir George Egerton
  • Mar 1916 - Dec 1916 Vice-Admiral Sir George Warrender
  • 1916 - 1918 Admiral Sir Alexander Bethell
  • 1918 - 1920 Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Thursby
  • 1920 - 1923 Admiral Sir Montague Browning
  • 1923 - 1926 Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Phillimore
  • 1926 - 1929 Vice-Admiral Sir Rudolph Bentinck
  • 1929 - 1932 Vice-Admiral Sir Hubert Brand
  • 1932 - 1935 Vice-Admiral Sir Eric Fullerton
  • 1935 - 1938 Admiral Sir Reginald Drax
  • 1938 - 1941 Admiral Sir Martin Dunbar-Nasmith
  • 1941 - 1943 Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Forbes
  • 1943 - 1945 Vice-Admiral Sir Ralph Leatham
  • 1945 - 1947 Admiral Sir Henry Pridham-Wippell
  • 1947 - 1950 Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Burnett
  • 1950 - 1951 Vice-Admiral Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
  • 1951 - 1953 Vice-Admiral Sir Maurice Mansergh
  • 1953 - 1955 Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Madden
  • 1955 - 1958 Vice Admiral Sir Charles Pizey
  • 1958 - 1961 Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Onslow
  • 1961 - 1962 Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Madden
  • 1962 - 1965 Vice-Admiral Sir Nigel Henderson
  • 1965 - 1967 Vice-Admiral Sir Fitzroy Talbot
  • 1967 - 1969 Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Mills

Flag Officer, Plymouth

  • Jul 1969 - Sept 1969 Vice-Admiral John Roxburgh
  • 1969 - 1970 Vice-Admiral Sir Anthony Griffin
  • 1970 - 1973 Vice-Admiral Sir Rae McKaig
  • 1973 - 1975 Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur Power
  • 1975 - 1977 Vice-Admiral Sir Gordon Tait
  • 1977 - 1979 Vice-Admiral Sir John Forbes
  • 1979 - 1981 Vice-Admiral Sir Peter Berger
  • 1981 - 1982 Vice-Admiral Sir Simon Cassels
  • 1982 - 1985 Vice-Admiral Sir David Brown
  • 1985 - 1987 Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Gerken
  • 1987 - 1990 Vice-Admiral Sir John Webster
  • 1990 - 1992 Vice-Admiral Sir Alan Grose
  • 1992 - 1996 Vice-Admiral Sir Roy Newman
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