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Corstorphine Old Parish Church facts for kids

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Corstorphine Old Parish Church
Corstorphine Parish Church
Corstorphine Parish Kirk - geograph.org.uk - 1407561.jpg
55°56′29″N 3°16′55″W / 55.94139°N 3.28194°W / 55.94139; -3.28194Coordinates: 55°56′29″N 3°16′55″W / 55.94139°N 3.28194°W / 55.94139; -3.28194
Location Dower House, Corstorphine High Street, Corstorphine
Country Scotland
Denomination Church of Scotland
Previous denomination Roman Catholic
History
Former name(s) St John's Collegiate Church
Founded 15th century
Founder(s) Sir Adam Forrester and Sir John Forrester
Dedication John the Baptist
Architecture
Heritage designation Historic Environment Scotland
Designated December 14, 1970
Architect(s)
  • William Burn (1828)
  • George Henderson (1903-1905)
Architectural type Gothic
Specifications
Number of floors One
Number of spires One
Administration
Parish Edinburgh
Presbytery Edinburgh
Clergy
Minister(s) Rev Moira McDonald
Stained glass window (south window) Corstorphine Parish Church
Stained glass window (south window) Corstorphine Parish Church

Corstorphine Old Parish Church, formerly St. John's Collegiate Church, is at the old centre of Corstorphine, a village incorporated to the west area of Edinburgh. Built in the 15th century, in the churchyard of a 12th-century or earlier chapel, the former collegiate church was listed category A by Historic Scotland on December 14, 1970.

History

David I granted the chapel at Corstophine to Holyrood Abbey in 1128. Before that, it was a dependent chapel of St Cuthbert's Church. By 1158, it had become a church, with altars to Saint Anne and the Holy Trinity.

Sir John Forrester effigy, Corstorphine Kirk
Effigy of Sir John Forrester

A burial chapel was added to the church in 1404 by Sir Adam Forrester, who died by 1405. The chapel was dedicated to John the Baptist. The chapel was erected into a collegiate church by his son Sir John Forrester.

The foundation of the current church (on the inner eastmost wall) says the church was built in 1429 in the same churchyard as the earlier parish church, and was completed by 1437. The sandstone church was built with a tower and stone, octagonal spire, rectangular chancel, and a nave with transepts. This included the absorption of earlier Gothic features from the previous building and the erection of the characteristic barrel vaults, which may have concluded by 1436.

Corstorphine parish church
The nave of the church showing the concrete vaults, which replaced the original stone vaults in 1905

The remodeling of the more sophisticated, pre-existing vault like the one in the south transept shows a structurally slightly arbitrary pattern of two semi-quadripartite arrangement of ribs rising from a springing point at the centre of the bays.

In 1548, Thomas Marjoribanks, son of Thomas Marjoribanks, burgess in Edinburgh, replaced Robert Marjoribanks (probably his uncle) upon the occasion of Robert's death, as prepend (vicar) of Corstorphine Kirk and continued through the Reformation until 1567. Rev Andrew Forrester became minister in 1590.

In 1634, the collegiate church was dissolved and in 1646 the building became the parish church. At that time the 12th-century church was razed and a new aisle was added to the collegiate fabric. Stones from the former church were used to built the porch. In 1828, a restoration by architect William Burn resulted in a two-storey sacristy, renovation of the nave, removal of a 17th-century aisle, and building of a new aisle and transept.

The east choir and the adjacent sacristy are the only original roofs that survived and the vaults of the nave and aisle were re-made in precast concrete ribbed panels during the restoration from 1903 to 1905 by George Henderson.

The church has Scottish heraldic panels and pre-Reformation relics. James Ballantine supplied the Victorian stained glass and Gordon Webster and Nathaniel Bryson supplied the 20th-century windows. Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper was the inspiration for the heads on the carved corbels made by William Birnie Rhind. On the grounds are a war memorial, vault and gatehouse, surrounded by a boundary wall and cast iron gates.

The ancient stone font, in the south transept, was brought from Gogar church in 1955.

Stained Glass

The church includes several windows by the Bannantine Brothers, two by Nythaniel Bryson and one by Douglas Strachan.

Also of note is the memorial window to the women's rights campaigner Jessie Chrystal Macmillan.

Priors/Ministers

  • Robert Cairncross left in 1528 to become Abbot of Holyrood Abbey
  • Rev John Chiefly, late 18th century
  • Rev James Ferguson from 1895 to 1926
  • Rev Moira McDonald (current)
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