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Dow Jones Industrial Average facts for kids

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DJIA historical graph
Linear graph of the DJIA from 1896 through 2024

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (NYSEDJI, also called the DJIA, Dow 30, or informally The Dow Jones or The Dow) is one of the stock market indices created by the nineteenth century Wall Street Journal editor and Dow Jones & Company co-founder Charles Dow.

There are 30 companies, all from the USA, and traded on either the NYSE or the NASDAQ, that make up the Industrial Average. They together represent the general economy of the United States.

It used to be that most of the companies were in heavy industries, such as steel, oil, autos, and appliances, but it now has companies from many different industries. The most recent companies to join the index are from the technology industry.

Since March 18, 2015, these are the companies that currently make up the Dow Jones:

Company Exchange Symbol Industry Date Added Notes
3M NYSE MMM Conglomerate 1976-08-09 as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing
American Express NYSE AXP Consumer finance 1982-08-30
Amgen NASDAQ AMGN Pharmaceuticals 2020-08-31
Apple NASDAQ AAPL Consumer Electronics 2015-03-18
Boeing NYSE BA Aerospace and Defense contractor 1987-03-12
Caterpillar NYSE CAT Construction and Mining equipment 1991-05-06
Chevron NYSE CVX Oil & gas 2008-02-19 also 1930-07-18 to 1999-11-01
Cisco Systems NASDAQ CSCO Computer networking 2009-06-08
Coca-Cola NYSE KO Beverages 1987-03-12 also 1932-05-26 to 1935-11-20
DuPont NYSE DD Chemical industry 1935-11-20 also 1924-01-22 to 1925-08-31
General Electric NYSE GE Conglomerate 1907-11-07
Goldman Sachs NYSE GS Banking, Financial services 2013-09-20
The Home Depot NYSE HD Home improvement retailer 1999-11-01
Honeywell NYSE HON Conglomerate 2020-08-31
Intel NASDAQ INTC Semiconductors 1999-11-01
IBM NYSE IBM Computers and technology 1979-06-29 also 1932-05-26 to 1939-03-04
Johnson & Johnson NYSE JNJ Pharmaceuticals 1997-03-17
JPMorgan Chase NYSE JPM Banking 1991-05-06
McDonald's NYSE MCD Fast food 1985-10-30
Merck NYSE MRK Pharmaceuticals 1979-06-29
Microsoft NASDAQ MSFT Software 1999-11-01
Nike NYSE NKE Apparel 2013-09-20
Procter & Gamble NYSE PG Consumer goods 1932-05-26
Salesforce NYSE CRM Software 2020-08-31
Travelers NYSE TRV Insurance 2009-06-08
UnitedHealth Group NYSE UNH Managed health care 2012-09-24
United Technologies NYSE UTX Conglomerate 1939-03-14 as United Aircraft
Verizon NYSE VZ Telecommunication 2004-04-08
Visa NYSE V Consumer banking 2013-09-20
Wal-Mart NYSE WMT Retail 1997-03-17
Walt Disney NYSE DIS Broadcasting and entertainment 1991-05-06

For a list of companies that have once been a part on the Dow Jones but are no longer part of it today, see this list.

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See also

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