Duncan, Oklahoma facts for kids

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Duncan, Oklahoma
City
Wlcome2duncan.JPG
Location of Duncan, Oklahoma
Location of Duncan, Oklahoma
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Stephens
Area
 • Total 46.0 sq mi (119.1 km2)
 • Land 38.8 sq mi (100.5 km2)
 • Water 7.2 sq mi (18.7 km2)
Elevation 1,122 ft (342 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,431
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 73533-73599
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-21900
GNIS feature ID 1092291
Website cityofduncan.com

Duncan is a city and county seat of Stephens County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 23,431 at the 2010 census.

History

Chisholmtrailduncan
The Chisholm Trail Crossing through Duncan's US-81

The Chisholm Trail passed to the east of Duncan prior to the town's founding. An estimated 9,800,000 Longhorn cattle were herded up the trail between Texas and Abilene, Kansas during its existence. After learning that an extension of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad was being built from Kansas to Texas, Scotsman William Duncan brought his wife, parents, and other relatives and created a trading post situated at the intersection of the north-south Chisholm Trail and the east-west military passage between Fort Arbuckle and Fort Sill. The first train arrived on June 27, 1892; that date is considered the official birth date of the town.

Many of the city's first buildings were woodframe, but were replaced by sandstone and brick structures after natural disasters destroyed them. Four fires in 1901 burned down several buildings.

Centrally located in Stephens County, Duncan became the county seat after Oklahoma achieved statehood in 1907. As a compromise between residents of the northern and southern parts of the county, the county courthouse was located in the middle of Duncan's Main Street, half of it in the northern part of the city and county and half in the southern. Main Street made a wide circle around it on both ends.

Oil wells opened in Stephens County in 1918 and led to rapid development in Duncan. Shacks were prohibited immediately following the opening of the wells and other regulations were also put in place to channel the growth in an organized manner.

Several Tudor Revival style homes were built in the 1930s. Works Progress Administration projects meant to rebuild the economy after the Great Depression resulted in a public library, a senior high school, a stadium, a pool, a school and auditorium for the black community, an armory, and numerous bridges and sidewalks.

Duncan expanded its city limits during an economic surge brought on by World War II. Towards the end of this period, the downtown area began to see a decline.

Geography

CrapeMyrtlePainting
Crape Myrtle Capital of Oklahoma Painting on downtown Duncans theater

Duncan is located at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (34.516619, −97.949377). The town is situated approximately 30 miles East of Lawton

It is on U.S. Highway 81.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.0 square miles (119 km2), of which 38.8 square miles (100 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (15.67%) is water.

Duncan is known for crepe myrtle trees, Oklahoma prairie and rich farmland. State lawmakers designated the city as Oklahoma's official "Crepe Myrtle Capital". Oklahoma's grasslands are made up of shortgrass, mixed-grass and tallgrass prairie. The city is part of the Great Plains and has four lakes.

Duncan receives 34 inches of rain per year, but only five inches of snowfall. The city also receives an average of 241 sunny days per year. It lies 1,128 feet above sea level.

Duncan's buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places include the Johnson Hotel and Boarding House, the Chrislip House, the Duncan Armory, the Patterson Hospital and the old Duncan library. The downtown area lies between Walnut and Willow avenues, from the railroad tracks to State Highway 81.

Climate

Climate data for Duncan, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(28.9)
88
(31.1)
97
(36.1)
96
(35.6)
99
(37.2)
106
(41.1)
110
(43.3)
110
(43.3)
108
(42.2)
101
(38.3)
90
(32.2)
88
(31.1)
110
(43.3)
Average high °F (°C) 52
(11.1)
57
(13.9)
65
(18.3)
76
(24.4)
82
(27.8)
90
(32.2)
95
(35)
96
(35.6)
89
(31.7)
78
(25.6)
64
(17.8)
55
(12.8)
74.9
(23.84)
Average low °F (°C) 29
(-1.7)
33
(0.6)
40
(4.4)
51
(10.6)
59
(15)
68
(20)
71
(21.7)
71
(21.7)
64
(17.8)
53
(11.7)
39
(3.9)
32
(0)
50.8
(10.46)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(-22.2)
−3
(-19.4)
2
(-16.7)
26
(-3.3)
34
(1.1)
49
(9.4)
55
(12.8)
56
(13.3)
36
(2.2)
26
(-3.3)
14
(-10)
5
(-15)
−8
(-22.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.4
(36)
1.8
(46)
2.0
(51)
3.0
(76)
6.4
(163)
4.5
(114)
2.7
(69)
2.4
(61)
2.5
(64)
3.4
(86)
1.5
(38)
1.5
(38)
33.1
(841)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2
(5)
2.2
(5.6)
1
(3)
0.3
(0.8)
1.5
(3.8)
7
(18)
Humidity 70 67 61 60 68 65 63 58 58 63 63 66 64
Avg. rainy days 3.5 4.3 4.8 6.1 7.6 7.3 5.2 4.8 4.3 5.5 2.9 3.8 60.1
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,164
1910 2,477 112.8%
1920 3,463 39.8%
1930 8,363 141.5%
1940 9,207 10.1%
1950 15,325 66.4%
1960 20,009 30.6%
1970 19,718 −1.5%
1980 22,517 14.2%
1990 21,732 −3.5%
2000 22,505 3.6%
2010 23,431 4.1%
Est. 2015 23,231 −0.9%
Sources:

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,505 people, 9,406 households, and 6,424 families residing in the city. The population density was 580.2 inhabitants per square mile (224.0/km²). There were 10,795 housing units at an average density of 278.3 per square mile (107.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.48% White, 1.07% African American, 2.95% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.36% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.99% of the population.

There were 9,406 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,373, and the median income for a family was $37,080. Males had a median income of $31,173 versus $19,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,643. About 28.7% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 42.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 23,431 people and 9,535 households residing in the city. There were 11,064 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 82.3% White, 3.3% African American, 4.7% Native American, and 5.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.9% of the population.

The average household size was 2.41.In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18 and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in the city was $39,683. The per capita income for the city was $22,230. About 16% of the population were below the poverty line.

Arts and culture

Duncan is home to the Chisholm Trail Heritage Center. The Stephens County Historical Museum contains displays and artifacts from the land run and early settlement in the area.

The city holds an annual county fair and top-rated livestock events year round. Other annual events include the Chisholm Trail Arts Council's Art Walk, Trail Dance Film Festival, Cruizin' the Chisholm Trail Car and Motorcycle Show, the Chisholm Trail Stampede, The Dehydrator bicycle race/ride [1], Summerfest with the World's Largest Garage Sale and the Western Spirit Celebration.

Images for kids


Duncan, Oklahoma Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.